Geochemistry of the huangshandong ni-cu deposit in northwestern China: Implications for the formation of magmatic sulfide mineralization in orogenic belts

Y. Deng, X. Song, L. Chen, T. Zhou, Franco Pirajno, F. Yuan, W. Xie, D. Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

49 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Huangshandong Ni-Cu sulfide deposit is located at the southern margin of the Central Asian Orogenic Belt (CAOB) in north Xinjiang, NW China. The deposit contains ~135Mt of sulfide ores grading 0.27wt.% Cu, 0.52wt.% Ni. The deposit is hosted by an Early Permian mafic-ultramafic complex predominantly comprising diorite, hornblende gabbro, olivine gabbro, gabbronorite, lherzolite, sulfide-bearing lherzolite and ilmenite-bearing hornblende gabbro at the base of the intrusion. These rocks exhibit enrichment of large ion lithophile elements and depleted high field strength elements relative to N-MORB, and high Th/Yb ratios, indicating that the primary magma of the Huangshandong intrusion was derived from partial melting of a metasomatized mantle source, modified by subducted slab-derived melt/fluid. Intrusive relations and geochemical signatures confirm that four pulses of magma were involved in the formation of the Huangshandong intrusion. The low Se/S ratios of the sulfide ores (63.1-166×10-6) and field observations suggest that contamination by crustal S and graphite was the key trigger mechanism for sulfide saturation. The σPGE contents in the Huangshandong rocks and sulfide ores range from 0.25 to 99.1ppb, lower than those of PGE-undepleted Ni-Cu sulfide deposits. High Cu/Pd ratios (>1.5×105) and low Pd content (9-151ppb) indicate that the Huangshandong sulfides segregated from PGE-depleted magma produced by early sulfide removal at depth. Model calculations indicate that the sparsely disseminated sulfide ores in the Huangshandong deposit were produced by crystallization of the sulfide liquid. The low Pd/Ir and high Ni/Ir ratios suggest that the densely disseminated sulfides segregated from the PGE-depleted magma at lower R factor values and accumulated more MSS compared to the sparsely disseminated sulfides. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)181-198
JournalOre Geology Reviews
Volume56
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2014

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Geochemistry
Sulfides
orogenic belt
Deposits
geochemistry
sulfide
mineralization
platinum group element
Prostaglandins E
Ores
Bearings (structural)
magma
gabbro
lherzolite
hornblende
Rocks
trigger mechanism
Graphite
R Factors
diorite

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@article{4d66f761a05541b99a0c52bc6346319e,
title = "Geochemistry of the huangshandong ni-cu deposit in northwestern China: Implications for the formation of magmatic sulfide mineralization in orogenic belts",
abstract = "The Huangshandong Ni-Cu sulfide deposit is located at the southern margin of the Central Asian Orogenic Belt (CAOB) in north Xinjiang, NW China. The deposit contains ~135Mt of sulfide ores grading 0.27wt.{\%} Cu, 0.52wt.{\%} Ni. The deposit is hosted by an Early Permian mafic-ultramafic complex predominantly comprising diorite, hornblende gabbro, olivine gabbro, gabbronorite, lherzolite, sulfide-bearing lherzolite and ilmenite-bearing hornblende gabbro at the base of the intrusion. These rocks exhibit enrichment of large ion lithophile elements and depleted high field strength elements relative to N-MORB, and high Th/Yb ratios, indicating that the primary magma of the Huangshandong intrusion was derived from partial melting of a metasomatized mantle source, modified by subducted slab-derived melt/fluid. Intrusive relations and geochemical signatures confirm that four pulses of magma were involved in the formation of the Huangshandong intrusion. The low Se/S ratios of the sulfide ores (63.1-166×10-6) and field observations suggest that contamination by crustal S and graphite was the key trigger mechanism for sulfide saturation. The σPGE contents in the Huangshandong rocks and sulfide ores range from 0.25 to 99.1ppb, lower than those of PGE-undepleted Ni-Cu sulfide deposits. High Cu/Pd ratios (>1.5×105) and low Pd content (9-151ppb) indicate that the Huangshandong sulfides segregated from PGE-depleted magma produced by early sulfide removal at depth. Model calculations indicate that the sparsely disseminated sulfide ores in the Huangshandong deposit were produced by crystallization of the sulfide liquid. The low Pd/Ir and high Ni/Ir ratios suggest that the densely disseminated sulfides segregated from the PGE-depleted magma at lower R factor values and accumulated more MSS compared to the sparsely disseminated sulfides. {\circledC} 2013 Elsevier B.V.",
author = "Y. Deng and X. Song and L. Chen and T. Zhou and Franco Pirajno and F. Yuan and W. Xie and D. Zhang",
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Geochemistry of the huangshandong ni-cu deposit in northwestern China: Implications for the formation of magmatic sulfide mineralization in orogenic belts. / Deng, Y.; Song, X.; Chen, L.; Zhou, T.; Pirajno, Franco; Yuan, F.; Xie, W.; Zhang, D.

In: Ore Geology Reviews, Vol. 56, 01.2014, p. 181-198.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Geochemistry of the huangshandong ni-cu deposit in northwestern China: Implications for the formation of magmatic sulfide mineralization in orogenic belts

AU - Deng, Y.

AU - Song, X.

AU - Chen, L.

AU - Zhou, T.

AU - Pirajno, Franco

AU - Yuan, F.

AU - Xie, W.

AU - Zhang, D.

PY - 2014/1

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N2 - The Huangshandong Ni-Cu sulfide deposit is located at the southern margin of the Central Asian Orogenic Belt (CAOB) in north Xinjiang, NW China. The deposit contains ~135Mt of sulfide ores grading 0.27wt.% Cu, 0.52wt.% Ni. The deposit is hosted by an Early Permian mafic-ultramafic complex predominantly comprising diorite, hornblende gabbro, olivine gabbro, gabbronorite, lherzolite, sulfide-bearing lherzolite and ilmenite-bearing hornblende gabbro at the base of the intrusion. These rocks exhibit enrichment of large ion lithophile elements and depleted high field strength elements relative to N-MORB, and high Th/Yb ratios, indicating that the primary magma of the Huangshandong intrusion was derived from partial melting of a metasomatized mantle source, modified by subducted slab-derived melt/fluid. Intrusive relations and geochemical signatures confirm that four pulses of magma were involved in the formation of the Huangshandong intrusion. The low Se/S ratios of the sulfide ores (63.1-166×10-6) and field observations suggest that contamination by crustal S and graphite was the key trigger mechanism for sulfide saturation. The σPGE contents in the Huangshandong rocks and sulfide ores range from 0.25 to 99.1ppb, lower than those of PGE-undepleted Ni-Cu sulfide deposits. High Cu/Pd ratios (>1.5×105) and low Pd content (9-151ppb) indicate that the Huangshandong sulfides segregated from PGE-depleted magma produced by early sulfide removal at depth. Model calculations indicate that the sparsely disseminated sulfide ores in the Huangshandong deposit were produced by crystallization of the sulfide liquid. The low Pd/Ir and high Ni/Ir ratios suggest that the densely disseminated sulfides segregated from the PGE-depleted magma at lower R factor values and accumulated more MSS compared to the sparsely disseminated sulfides. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.

AB - The Huangshandong Ni-Cu sulfide deposit is located at the southern margin of the Central Asian Orogenic Belt (CAOB) in north Xinjiang, NW China. The deposit contains ~135Mt of sulfide ores grading 0.27wt.% Cu, 0.52wt.% Ni. The deposit is hosted by an Early Permian mafic-ultramafic complex predominantly comprising diorite, hornblende gabbro, olivine gabbro, gabbronorite, lherzolite, sulfide-bearing lherzolite and ilmenite-bearing hornblende gabbro at the base of the intrusion. These rocks exhibit enrichment of large ion lithophile elements and depleted high field strength elements relative to N-MORB, and high Th/Yb ratios, indicating that the primary magma of the Huangshandong intrusion was derived from partial melting of a metasomatized mantle source, modified by subducted slab-derived melt/fluid. Intrusive relations and geochemical signatures confirm that four pulses of magma were involved in the formation of the Huangshandong intrusion. The low Se/S ratios of the sulfide ores (63.1-166×10-6) and field observations suggest that contamination by crustal S and graphite was the key trigger mechanism for sulfide saturation. The σPGE contents in the Huangshandong rocks and sulfide ores range from 0.25 to 99.1ppb, lower than those of PGE-undepleted Ni-Cu sulfide deposits. High Cu/Pd ratios (>1.5×105) and low Pd content (9-151ppb) indicate that the Huangshandong sulfides segregated from PGE-depleted magma produced by early sulfide removal at depth. Model calculations indicate that the sparsely disseminated sulfide ores in the Huangshandong deposit were produced by crystallization of the sulfide liquid. The low Pd/Ir and high Ni/Ir ratios suggest that the densely disseminated sulfides segregated from the PGE-depleted magma at lower R factor values and accumulated more MSS compared to the sparsely disseminated sulfides. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.

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M3 - Article

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EP - 198

JO - Ore Geology Reviews

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