Genotype-specific lesion growth rates in stargardt disease

Rachael C.Heath Jeffery, Jennifer A. Thompson, Johnny Lo, Tina M. Lamey, Terri L. McLaren, Ian L. McAllister, Ian J. Constable, John N. De Roach, Fred K. Chen

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Reported growth rates (GR) of atrophic lesions in Stargardt disease (STGD1) vary widely. In the present study, we report the longitudinal natural history of patients with confirmed bial-lelic ABCA4 mutations from five genotype groups: c.6079C>T, c.[2588G>C;5603A>T], c.3113C>T, c.5882G>A and c.5603A>T. Fundus autofluorescence (AF) 30 × 30 images were manually seg-mented for boundaries of definitely decreased autofluorescence (DDAF). The primary outcome was the effective radius GR across five genotype groups. The age of DDAF formation in each eye was calculated using the x-intercept of the DDAF effective radius against age. Discordance between age at DDAF formation and symptom onset was compared. A total of 75 eyes from 39 STGD1 patients (17 male [44%]; mean ± SD age 45 ± 19 years; range 21–86) were recruited. Patients with c.3113C>T or c.6079C>T had a significantly faster effective radius GR at 0.17 mm/year (95% CI 0.12 to 0.22; p < 0.001 and 0.14 to 0.21; p < 0.001) respectively, as compared to those patients harbouring c.5882G>A at 0.06 mm/year (95% CI 0.03–0.09), respectively. Future clinical trial design should consider the effect of genotype on the effective radius GR and the timing of DDAF formation relative to symptom onset.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1981
JournalGenes
Volume12
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021

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