Genomic Responses during Acute Human Anaphylaxis Are Characterized by Upregulation of Innate Inflammatory Gene Networks

Shelley Stone, Anthony Bosco, Anya Jones, Claire Cotterell, Pauline Van Eeden, Glenn Arendts, Daniel Fatovich, Simon Brown

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Systemic spread of immune activation and mediator release is required for the development of anaphylaxis in humans. We hypothesized that peripheral blood leukocyte (PBL) activation plays a key role. Objective: To characterize PBL genomic responses during acute anaphylaxis. Methods: PBL samples were collected at three timepoints from six patients presenting to the Emergency Department (ED) with acute anaphylaxis and six healthy controls. Gene expression patterns were profiled on microarrays, differentially expressed genes were identified, and network analysis was employed to explore underlying mechanisms. Results: Patients presented with moderately severe anaphylaxis after oral aspirin (2), peanut (2), bee sting (1) and unknown cause (1). Two genes were differentially expressed in patients compared to controls at ED arrival, 67 genes at 1 hour postarrival and 2,801 genes at 3 hours post-arrival. Network analysis demonstrated that three inflammatory modules were upregulated during anaphylaxis. Notably, these modules contained multiple hub genes, which are known to play a central role in the regulation of innate inflammatory responses. Bioinformatics analyses showed that the data were enriched for LPS-like and TNF activation signatures. Conclusion: PBL genomic responses during human anaphylaxis are characterized by dynamic expression of innate inflammatory modules. Upregulation of these modules was observed in patients with different reaction triggers. Our findings indicate a role for innate immune pathways in the pathogenesis of human anaphylaxis, and the hub genes identified in this study represent logical candidates for follow-up studies. © 2014 Stone et al.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere101409
Number of pages10
JournalPLoS One
Volume9
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2014

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