Here we report the results from a genome-wide linkage scan to identify genes and chromosomal regions that influence quantitative immune response traits, using multi-case leprosy and tuberculosis families from north-eastern Brazil. Total plasma IgE, antigen-specific IgG to Mycobacterium leprae soluble antigen (MLSA), M. tuberculosis soluble antigen (MTSA) and M. tuberculosis purified protein derivative (PPD), and antigen-specific lymphocyte proliferation (stimulation index or SI) and interferon-γ (IFN-γ) release to MLSA and PPD, were measured in 16 tuberculosis (184 individuals) and 21 leprosy (177 individuals) families. The individuals were genotyped at 382 autosomal microsatellite markers across the genome. The adjusted immune-response phenotypes were analysed using a variety of variance components and regression-based methods. These analyses highlighted a number of practical issues and problems with regard to implementation of the methods and, interestingly, differences were observed between several standard statistical and genetic analysis packages used. From this we determined that, for this set of traits in these pedigrees, significant p values for linkage using variance components analysis, supported by significance using the Visscher-Hopper modification of the Haseman-Elston method, provided the most compelling evidence for linkage. Using these criteria, linkage was seen for: total plasma IgE on chromosome 2; IgG to MLSA on chromosomes 8, 17 and 21; IgG to PPD on chromosome 12; SI to PPD on chromosome 1; IFN-γ to MLSA on chromosomes 6, 7, 10, 12 and 14; and IFN-γ to PPD on chromosomes 1, 16 and 19.