Genome-wide association study of more than 40,000 bipolar disorder cases provides new insights into the underlying biology

HUNT All-In Psychiatry, Niamh Mullins, Andreas J. Forstner, Kevin S. O’Connell, Brandon Coombes, Jonathan R.I. Coleman, Zhen Qiao, Thomas D. Als, Tim B. Bigdeli, Sigrid Børte, Julien Bryois, Alexander W. Charney, Ole Kristian Drange, Michael J. Gandal, Saskia P. Hagenaars, Masashi Ikeda, Nolan Kamitaki, Minsoo Kim, Kristi Krebs, Georgia PanagiotaropoulouBrian M. Schilder, Laura G. Sloofman, Stacy Steinberg, Vassily Trubetskoy, Bendik S. Winsvold, Hong Hee Won, Liliya Abramova, Kristina Adorjan, Esben Agerbo, Mariam Al Eissa, Diego Albani, Ney Alliey-Rodriguez, Adebayo Anjorin, Verneri Antilla, Anastasia Antoniou, Swapnil Awasthi, Ji Hyun Baek, Marie Bækvad-Hansen, Nicholas Bass, Michael Bauer, Eva C. Beins, Sarah E. Bergen, Armin Birner, Carsten Bøcker Pedersen, Erlend Bøen, Marco P. Boks, Rosa Bosch, Murielle Brum, Ben M. Brumpton, Nathalie Brunkhorst-Kanaan, Monika Budde, Jonas Bybjerg-Grauholm, William Byerley, Murray Cairns, Miquel Casas, Pablo Cervantes, Toni Kim Clarke, Cristiana Cruceanu, Alfredo Cuellar-Barboza, Julie Cunningham, David Curtis, Piotr M. Czerski, Anders M. Dale, Nina Dalkner, Friederike S. David, Franziska Degenhardt, Srdjan Djurovic, Amanda L. Dobbyn, Athanassios Douzenis, Torbjørn Elvsåshagen, Valentina Escott-Price, I. Nicol Ferrier, Alessia Fiorentino, Tatiana M. Foroud, Liz Forty, Josef Frank, Oleksandr Frei, Nelson B. Freimer, Louise Frisén, Katrin Gade, Julie Garnham, Joel Gelernter, Marianne Giørtz Pedersen, Ian R. Gizer, Scott D. Gordon, Katherine Gordon-Smith, Tiffany A. Greenwood, Jakob Grove, José Guzman-Parra, Kyooseob Ha, Magnus Haraldsson, Martin Hautzinger, Urs Heilbronner, Dennis Hellgren, Stefan Herms, Per Hoffmann, Peter A. Holmans, Laura Huckins, Stéphane Jamain, Jessica S. Johnson, Janos L. Kalman, Yoichiro Kamatani, James L. Kennedy, Sarah Kittel-Schneider, James A. Knowles, Manolis Kogevinas, Maria Koromina, Thorsten M. Kranz, Henry R. Kranzler, Michiaki Kubo, Ralph Kupka, Steven A. Kushner, Catharina Lavebratt, Jacob Lawrence, Markus Leber, Heon Jeong Lee, Phil H. Lee, Shawn E. Levy, Catrin Lewis, Calwing Liao, Susanne Lucae, Martin Lundberg, Donald J. MacIntyre, Sigurdur H. Magnusson, Wolfgang Maier, Adam Maihofer, Dolores Malaspina, Eirini Maratou, Lina Martinsson, Manuel Mattheisen, Steven A. McCarroll, Nathaniel W. McGregor, Peter McGuffin, James D. McKay, Helena Medeiros, Sarah E. Medland, Vincent Millischer, Grant W. Montgomery, Jennifer L. Moran, Derek W. Morris, Thomas W. Mühleisen, Niamh O’Brien, Claire O’Donovan, Loes M. Olde Loohuis, Lilijana Oruc, Sergi Papiol, Antonio F. Pardiñas, Amy Perry, Andrea Pfennig, Evgenia Porichi, James B. Potash, Digby Quested, Towfique Raj, Mark H. Rapaport, J. Raymond DePaulo, Eline J. Regeer, John P. Rice, Fabio Rivas, Margarita Rivera, Julian Roth, Panos Roussos, Douglas M. Ruderfer, Cristina Sánchez-Mora, Eva C. Schulte, Fanny Senner, Sally Sharp, Paul D. Shilling, Engilbert Sigurdsson, Lea Sirignano, Claire Slaney, Olav B. Smeland, Daniel J. Smith, Janet L. Sobell, Christine Søholm Hansen, Maria Soler Artigas, Anne T. Spijker, Dan J. Stein, John S. Strauss, Beata Świątkowska, Chikashi Terao, Thorgeir E. Thorgeirsson, Claudio Toma, Paul Tooney, Evangelia Eirini Tsermpini, Marquis P. Vawter, Helmut Vedder, James T.R. Walters, Stephanie H. Witt, Simon Xi, Wei Xu, Jessica Mei Kay Yang, Allan H. Young, Hannah Young, Peter P. Zandi, Hang Zhou, Lea Zillich, Rolf Adolfsson, Ingrid Agartz, Martin Alda, Lars Alfredsson, Gulja Babadjanova, Lena Backlund, Bernhard T. Baune, Frank Bellivier, Susanne Bengesser, Wade H. Berrettini, Douglas H.R. Blackwood, Michael Boehnke, Anders D. Børglum, Gerome Breen, Vaughan J. Carr, Stanley Catts, Aiden Corvin, Nicholas Craddock, Udo Dannlowski, Dimitris Dikeos, Tõnu Esko, Bruno Etain, Panagiotis Ferentinos, Mark Frye, Janice M. Fullerton, Micha Gawlik, Elliot S. Gershon, Fernando S. Goes, Melissa J. Green, Maria Grigoroiu-Serbanescu, Joanna Hauser, Frans Henskens, Jan Hillert, Kyung Sue Hong, David M. Hougaard, Christina M. Hultman, Kristian Hveem, Nakao Iwata, Assen V. Jablensky, Ian Jones, Lisa A. Jones, René S. Kahn, John R. Kelsoe, George Kirov, Mikael Landén, Marion Leboyer, Cathryn M. Lewis, Qingqin S. Li, Jolanta Lissowska, Christine Lochner, Carmel Loughland, Nicholas G. Martin, Carol A. Mathews, Fermin Mayoral, Susan L. McElroy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

492 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Bipolar disorder is a heritable mental illness with complex etiology. We performed a genome-wide association study of 41,917 bipolar disorder cases and 371,549 controls of European ancestry, which identified 64 associated genomic loci. Bipolar disorder risk alleles were enriched in genes in synaptic signaling pathways and brain-expressed genes, particularly those with high specificity of expression in neurons of the prefrontal cortex and hippocampus. Significant signal enrichment was found in genes encoding targets of antipsychotics, calcium channel blockers, antiepileptics and anesthetics. Integrating expression quantitative trait locus data implicated 15 genes robustly linked to bipolar disorder via gene expression, encoding druggable targets such as HTR6, MCHR1, DCLK3 and FURIN. Analyses of bipolar disorder subtypes indicated high but imperfect genetic correlation between bipolar disorder type I and II and identified additional associated loci. Together, these results advance our understanding of the biological etiology of bipolar disorder, identify novel therapeutic leads and prioritize genes for functional follow-up studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)817-829
Number of pages13
JournalNature Genetics
Volume53
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021

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