Genetic variation in heat shock protein 70 is associated with septic shock: narrowing the association to a specific haplotype

C.W.H. Kee, Karey Cheong, Kym Pham, Grant Waterer, Suzanna Lindsey-Temple

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) plays a major role in immune responses. Polymorphisms within the gene have been associated with development of septic shock. This study refines the region of the HSP70 gene associated with development of septic shock and confirms its functionality. Subjects (n = 31) were grouped into one of three haplotypes based on their HSPA1B-179C > T and HSPA1B1267A > G genotypes. Mononuclear cells from these subjects were stimulated with heat-killed bacteria (10(7) colony-forming units/mL Escherichia coli or Streptococcus pneumoniae) for 8 and 21 h. HSP70 and tumour necrosis factor (TNF) mRNA and protein levels were measured by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction and ELISA, respectively. The HSPA1B-179*C:1267*A haplotype was associated with significantly lower levels of HSPA1B mRNA and protein and higher production of TNF mRNA and protein compared to the other haplotypes. Induction of HSP70 was TNF independent. These results suggest that the HSPA1B-179C > T:1267A > G haplotype is functional and may explain the association of the HSP70 gene with development of septic shock.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)465-473(9)
JournalInternational Journal of Immunogenetics
Volume35
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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