Genetic Counselling Needs for Reproductive Genetic Carrier Screening: A Scoping Review

Samantha Edwards, Nigel Laing

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Reproductive genetic carrier screening provides individuals and couples with information regarding their risk of having a child affected by an autosomal recessive or X-linked recessive genetic condition. This information allows them the opportunity to make reproductive decisions in line with their own beliefs and values. Traditionally, carrier screening has been accessed by family members of affected individuals. In recent years, improvements to accessibility and updates to recommendations suggest that all women planning or in early pregnancy should be offered reproductive genetic carrier screening. As uptake moves towards the population scale, how can the genetic counselling needs of such large-scale screening be met? A scoping review of the literature was performed to ascertain what the genetic counselling needs of reproductive genetic carrier screening are, and what future research is needed. Four broad themes were identified in the existing literature: (1) The offer—when and in what context to offer screening; (2) Information—the importance of and what to include in education, and pre- and post-test counselling; (3) Who and how—who the genetic counselling is performed by and how; (4) Personalization—how do we find the balance between standardized and individualized approaches? Based on the existing literature, we present a set of recommendations for consideration in implementing population-scale reproductive genetic carrier screening as well as suggested areas for future research.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1699
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Personalized Medicine
Volume12
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2022

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