Generating 3D models from a single 2D digitized photo using GIS and GroIMP

Faustino Chi, Katarina Streit, Winfried Kurth

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference paperConference paper

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Taking digital photographs as a form of documentation while conducting field work is common practice. There is a wealth of digital photographs collected by foresters who are interested in tree architecture. These high-resolution photographs are two-dimensional representations of the tree structure. However, it is possible to exploit tools such as GIS (e.g., ESRI ArcGIS) and three-dimensional modelling platforms (GroIMP) to extract information from a single digital photograph to three-dimensional modelling. We propose a work flow for creating three-dimensional reconstructions of tree architecture based on a single high-resolution digital photograph. A single digital photograph of tree architecture with a scaling object in view was acquired. The scaled photograph was imported into ArcMap and the tree architecture was digitized, main stem and branching. The DBF file within the shapefile from the GIS output was converted to a CSV file using MS-Excel. GroIMP was used to import the CSV file containing the x and y coordinates and additional information of the digitized tree architecture. Code written in the language XL was used to reconstruct the topology of the stem and branching system and to provide the possibility to create a three-dimensional model for visualization and analysis within GroIMP. This code allows the user to interactively and iteratively manipulate the third coordinate in order to transform a single two-dimensional photograph into a three-dimensional model based on informed decisions.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2016 IEEE International Conference on Functional-Structural Plant Growth Modeling, Simulation, Visualization and Applications (FSPMA)
EditorsMengzhen Kang, Jochem Evers, Veronique Letort, Michael Renton
Place of PublicationUSA
PublisherIEEE, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Pages22-27
ISBN (Print)9781509016594
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes
Event2016 IEEE International Conference on Functional-Structural Plant Growth Modeling, Simulation, Visualization and Applications: FSPMA 2016 - Qingdao, China
Duration: 7 Nov 201611 Nov 2016

Conference

Conference2016 IEEE International Conference on Functional-Structural Plant Growth Modeling, Simulation, Visualization and Applications
CountryChina
CityQingdao
Period7/11/1611/11/16

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Geographic information systems
Visualization
Topology

Cite this

Chi, F., Streit, K., & Kurth, W. (2016). Generating 3D models from a single 2D digitized photo using GIS and GroIMP. In M. Kang, J. Evers, V. Letort, & M. Renton (Eds.), Proceedings of the 2016 IEEE International Conference on Functional-Structural Plant Growth Modeling, Simulation, Visualization and Applications (FSPMA) (pp. 22-27). USA: IEEE, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. https://doi.org/10.1109/FSPMA.2016.7818284
Chi, Faustino ; Streit, Katarina ; Kurth, Winfried. / Generating 3D models from a single 2D digitized photo using GIS and GroIMP. Proceedings of the 2016 IEEE International Conference on Functional-Structural Plant Growth Modeling, Simulation, Visualization and Applications (FSPMA) . editor / Mengzhen Kang ; Jochem Evers ; Veronique Letort ; Michael Renton. USA : IEEE, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2016. pp. 22-27
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abstract = "Taking digital photographs as a form of documentation while conducting field work is common practice. There is a wealth of digital photographs collected by foresters who are interested in tree architecture. These high-resolution photographs are two-dimensional representations of the tree structure. However, it is possible to exploit tools such as GIS (e.g., ESRI ArcGIS) and three-dimensional modelling platforms (GroIMP) to extract information from a single digital photograph to three-dimensional modelling. We propose a work flow for creating three-dimensional reconstructions of tree architecture based on a single high-resolution digital photograph. A single digital photograph of tree architecture with a scaling object in view was acquired. The scaled photograph was imported into ArcMap and the tree architecture was digitized, main stem and branching. The DBF file within the shapefile from the GIS output was converted to a CSV file using MS-Excel. GroIMP was used to import the CSV file containing the x and y coordinates and additional information of the digitized tree architecture. Code written in the language XL was used to reconstruct the topology of the stem and branching system and to provide the possibility to create a three-dimensional model for visualization and analysis within GroIMP. This code allows the user to interactively and iteratively manipulate the third coordinate in order to transform a single two-dimensional photograph into a three-dimensional model based on informed decisions.",
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Chi, F, Streit, K & Kurth, W 2016, Generating 3D models from a single 2D digitized photo using GIS and GroIMP. in M Kang, J Evers, V Letort & M Renton (eds), Proceedings of the 2016 IEEE International Conference on Functional-Structural Plant Growth Modeling, Simulation, Visualization and Applications (FSPMA) . IEEE, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, USA, pp. 22-27, 2016 IEEE International Conference on Functional-Structural Plant Growth Modeling, Simulation, Visualization and Applications, Qingdao, China, 7/11/16. https://doi.org/10.1109/FSPMA.2016.7818284

Generating 3D models from a single 2D digitized photo using GIS and GroIMP. / Chi, Faustino; Streit, Katarina; Kurth, Winfried.

Proceedings of the 2016 IEEE International Conference on Functional-Structural Plant Growth Modeling, Simulation, Visualization and Applications (FSPMA) . ed. / Mengzhen Kang; Jochem Evers; Veronique Letort; Michael Renton. USA : IEEE, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2016. p. 22-27.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference paperConference paper

TY - GEN

T1 - Generating 3D models from a single 2D digitized photo using GIS and GroIMP

AU - Chi, Faustino

AU - Streit, Katarina

AU - Kurth, Winfried

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - Taking digital photographs as a form of documentation while conducting field work is common practice. There is a wealth of digital photographs collected by foresters who are interested in tree architecture. These high-resolution photographs are two-dimensional representations of the tree structure. However, it is possible to exploit tools such as GIS (e.g., ESRI ArcGIS) and three-dimensional modelling platforms (GroIMP) to extract information from a single digital photograph to three-dimensional modelling. We propose a work flow for creating three-dimensional reconstructions of tree architecture based on a single high-resolution digital photograph. A single digital photograph of tree architecture with a scaling object in view was acquired. The scaled photograph was imported into ArcMap and the tree architecture was digitized, main stem and branching. The DBF file within the shapefile from the GIS output was converted to a CSV file using MS-Excel. GroIMP was used to import the CSV file containing the x and y coordinates and additional information of the digitized tree architecture. Code written in the language XL was used to reconstruct the topology of the stem and branching system and to provide the possibility to create a three-dimensional model for visualization and analysis within GroIMP. This code allows the user to interactively and iteratively manipulate the third coordinate in order to transform a single two-dimensional photograph into a three-dimensional model based on informed decisions.

AB - Taking digital photographs as a form of documentation while conducting field work is common practice. There is a wealth of digital photographs collected by foresters who are interested in tree architecture. These high-resolution photographs are two-dimensional representations of the tree structure. However, it is possible to exploit tools such as GIS (e.g., ESRI ArcGIS) and three-dimensional modelling platforms (GroIMP) to extract information from a single digital photograph to three-dimensional modelling. We propose a work flow for creating three-dimensional reconstructions of tree architecture based on a single high-resolution digital photograph. A single digital photograph of tree architecture with a scaling object in view was acquired. The scaled photograph was imported into ArcMap and the tree architecture was digitized, main stem and branching. The DBF file within the shapefile from the GIS output was converted to a CSV file using MS-Excel. GroIMP was used to import the CSV file containing the x and y coordinates and additional information of the digitized tree architecture. Code written in the language XL was used to reconstruct the topology of the stem and branching system and to provide the possibility to create a three-dimensional model for visualization and analysis within GroIMP. This code allows the user to interactively and iteratively manipulate the third coordinate in order to transform a single two-dimensional photograph into a three-dimensional model based on informed decisions.

U2 - 10.1109/FSPMA.2016.7818284

DO - 10.1109/FSPMA.2016.7818284

M3 - Conference paper

SN - 9781509016594

SP - 22

EP - 27

BT - Proceedings of the 2016 IEEE International Conference on Functional-Structural Plant Growth Modeling, Simulation, Visualization and Applications (FSPMA)

A2 - Kang, Mengzhen

A2 - Evers, Jochem

A2 - Letort, Veronique

A2 - Renton, Michael

PB - IEEE, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

CY - USA

ER -

Chi F, Streit K, Kurth W. Generating 3D models from a single 2D digitized photo using GIS and GroIMP. In Kang M, Evers J, Letort V, Renton M, editors, Proceedings of the 2016 IEEE International Conference on Functional-Structural Plant Growth Modeling, Simulation, Visualization and Applications (FSPMA) . USA: IEEE, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. 2016. p. 22-27 https://doi.org/10.1109/FSPMA.2016.7818284