Genebank genomics bridges the gap between the conservation of crop diversity and plant breeding

Martin Mascher, Mona Schreiber, Uwe Scholz, Andreas Graner, Jochen C. Reif, Nils Stein

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Genebanks have the long-term mission of preserving plant genetic resources as an agricultural legacy for future crop improvement. Operating procedures for seed storage and plant propagation have been in place for decades, but there is a lack of effective means for the discovery and transfer of beneficial alleles from landraces and wild relatives into modern varieties. Here, we review the prospects of using molecular passport data derived from genomic sequence information as a universal monitoring tool at the single-plant level within and between genebanks. Together with recent advances in breeding methodologies, the transformation of genebanks into bio-digital resource centers will facilitate the selection of useful genetic variation and its use in breeding programs, thus providing easy access to past crop diversity. We propose linking catalogs of natural genetic variation and enquiries into biological mechanisms of plant performance as a long-term joint research goal of genebanks, plant geneticists and breeders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1076-1081
Number of pages6
JournalNature Genetics
Volume51
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2019
Externally publishedYes

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