Gender differences in general mental health, smoking, drinking and chronic diseases in older adults in Jilin province, China

Shibin Wang, Gabor S. Ungvari, Brent P. Forester, Helen F K Chiu, Yanhua Wu, Changgui Kou, Yingli Fu, Yue Qi, Yawen Liu, Yuchun Tao, Yaqin Yu, Bo Li, Yu-Tao Xiang

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Abstract

There is little information on gender differences in general mental health, smoking, drinking and chronic diseases in Chinese elderly. We examined the gender differences in general mental health, smoking, drinking and a number of chronic diseases in a large Chinese old population. Multistage stratified cluster sampling was used in this cross-sectional study. A total of 4115 people (2198 women; 1917 men) aged between 60 and 79 years were included and their general mental health, smoking, drinking and chronic diseases were recorded with standardized assessment tools. Multivariate analyses revealed that women were less likely to be current smokers and frequent drinkers, but had higher prevalence of poor mental health compared with their male counterparts. In addition, the prevalence rate of chronic diseases and multi-morbidities were higher in women than that in men (both p values <0.05). Health professionals and policy makers need to pay special attention to the common chronic diseases and poor mental health in older women and higher prevalence of smoking and drinking in men.

LanguageEnglish
Pages58-62
Number of pages5
JournalPsychiatry Research
Volume251
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2017

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Drinking
China
Mental Health
Chronic Disease
Smoking
Health Policy
Administrative Personnel
Multivariate Analysis
Cross-Sectional Studies
Morbidity
Population

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Wang, Shibin ; Ungvari, Gabor S. ; Forester, Brent P. ; Chiu, Helen F K ; Wu, Yanhua ; Kou, Changgui ; Fu, Yingli ; Qi, Yue ; Liu, Yawen ; Tao, Yuchun ; Yu, Yaqin ; Li, Bo ; Xiang, Yu-Tao. / Gender differences in general mental health, smoking, drinking and chronic diseases in older adults in Jilin province, China. In: Psychiatry Research. 2017 ; Vol. 251. pp. 58-62
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abstract = "There is little information on gender differences in general mental health, smoking, drinking and chronic diseases in Chinese elderly. We examined the gender differences in general mental health, smoking, drinking and a number of chronic diseases in a large Chinese old population. Multistage stratified cluster sampling was used in this cross-sectional study. A total of 4115 people (2198 women; 1917 men) aged between 60 and 79 years were included and their general mental health, smoking, drinking and chronic diseases were recorded with standardized assessment tools. Multivariate analyses revealed that women were less likely to be current smokers and frequent drinkers, but had higher prevalence of poor mental health compared with their male counterparts. In addition, the prevalence rate of chronic diseases and multi-morbidities were higher in women than that in men (both p values <0.05). Health professionals and policy makers need to pay special attention to the common chronic diseases and poor mental health in older women and higher prevalence of smoking and drinking in men.",
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Wang, S, Ungvari, GS, Forester, BP, Chiu, HFK, Wu, Y, Kou, C, Fu, Y, Qi, Y, Liu, Y, Tao, Y, Yu, Y, Li, B & Xiang, Y-T 2017, 'Gender differences in general mental health, smoking, drinking and chronic diseases in older adults in Jilin province, China' Psychiatry Research, vol 251, pp. 58-62. DOI: 10.1016/j.psychres.2017.02.007

Gender differences in general mental health, smoking, drinking and chronic diseases in older adults in Jilin province, China. / Wang, Shibin; Ungvari, Gabor S.; Forester, Brent P.; Chiu, Helen F K; Wu, Yanhua; Kou, Changgui; Fu, Yingli; Qi, Yue; Liu, Yawen; Tao, Yuchun; Yu, Yaqin; Li, Bo; Xiang, Yu-Tao.

In: Psychiatry Research, Vol. 251, 01.05.2017, p. 58-62.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Ungvari,Gabor S.

AU - Forester,Brent P.

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AU - Wu,Yanhua

AU - Kou,Changgui

AU - Fu,Yingli

AU - Qi,Yue

AU - Liu,Yawen

AU - Tao,Yuchun

AU - Yu,Yaqin

AU - Li,Bo

AU - Xiang,Yu-Tao

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