Gaze-based assessments of vigilance and avoidance in social anxiety: a Review

Nigel T.M. Chen, Patrick Clarke

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

56 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose of Review: A broad base of research has sought to identify the biases in selective attention which characterize social anxiety, with the emergent use of eye tracking-based methods. This article seeks to provide a review of eye tracking studies examining selective attention biases in social anxiety. Recent Findings: Across a number of contexts, social anxiety may be associated with a mix of both vigilant and avoidant patterns of attention with respect to the processing of emotional social stimuli. Socially anxious individuals may additionally avoid maintaining eye contact and may exhibit a generalized vigilance via hyperscanning of their environment. Summary: The findings highlight the utility of eye tracking methods for increasing understanding of the gaze-based biases which characterize social anxiety disorder, with promising avenues for future research.

Original languageEnglish
Article number59
JournalCurrent Psychiatry Reports
Volume19
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2017

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