Gastro-oesophageal reflux in obstructive sleep apnoea: prevalence and mechanisms

Kelly Shepherd

    Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis

    191 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    Background. Obstructive Sleep Apnoea (OSA) is associated with an increase in nocturnal gastro-oesophageal reflux (nocturnalGOR) events and symptoms, however the mechanism for this remains undefined. Treatment of OSA with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) has been shown to reduce nocturnalGOR in individuals with OSA however the reasons for this reduction are not clear. The combination of OSA and nocturnalGOR could be particularly problematic for individuals who have had a lung transplant in whom Bronchiolitis Obliterans Syndrome (BOS) limits survival. It is thought that GOR plays a role in the development of BOS in these individuals. Methods and Results. Five interrelated studies were undertaken. The first two studies sought to determine and compare the prevalence and risk factors of nocturnalGOR in OSA patients with the general population. To do this, a GOR questionnaire was completed by 2,042 members of the general community as part of the Busselton Health Survey and by 1,116 patients with polysomnography-diagnosed OSA. Risk of OSA in the general population was determined using a standardised sleep questionnaire. 137 of the OSA patients completed the questionnaire before and after treatment with CPAP. The prevalence of nocturnalGOR symptoms reported more than once a week (frequent symptoms) was greater in OSA patients (10.1%) than the general population (5.8%) (p
    Original languageEnglish
    QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
    Publication statusUnpublished - 2008

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