Gastric Emptying and Curding of Pasteurized Donor Human Milk and Mother's Own Milk in Preterm Infants

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Abstract

© 2015 by ESPGHAN and NASPGHAN. Unauthorized reproduction of this article is prohibited. We evaluated the effects of fortification and composition on gastric emptying and curding in un/fortified pairs of mother's own milk (MOM, n = 17) and pasteurized donor human milk (PDHM, n = 15) in preterm infants. Retained meal proportions (%) and curding were determined from sonography. Immediate and subsequent postprandial % were higher for PDHM (23%, P = 0.026; 15%, P = 0.006) and fortified meals (31.5%; 8.8%, both P <0.001), whereas higher casein, whey, and lactose concentrations were associated with lower immediate postprandial % (all P <0.006). Curding did not affect emptying. Influences of fortification, pasteurization, and differing breast milk compositions are small and unlikely implicated in preterm feeding intolerance.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)125-129
JournalJournal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Volume61
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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