Gas exchange patterns for a small, stored-grain insect pest, Tribolium castaneum

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Insects breathe using one or a combination of three gas exchange patterns; continuous, cyclic and discontinuous, which vary in their rates of exchange of oxygen, carbon dioxide and water. In general, there is a trade-off between lowering gas exchange using discontinuous exchange that limits water loss at the cost of lower metabolic rate. These patterns and hypotheses for the evolution of discontinuous exchange have been examined for relatively large insects (>20 mg) over relatively short periods (

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)361-367
Number of pages7
JournalBulletin of Entomological Research
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 23 Jun 2023

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