Gas diffusion and sorption in carbon conversion

Carsten Wedler, Arash Arami-Niya, Gongkui Xiao, Roland Span, Eric F. May, Markus Richter

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Abstract

In common carbon conversion models, effective diffusion is considered to describe mass transport of reactive gases in porous char particles. Conventionally, effective diffusion is determined by taking porosity and tortuosity of the solid char into account, however, the tortuosity cannot be determined experimentally. Therefore, values for the tortuosity are mainly chosen to fit the respective model to experimental data. Here, we present the determination of effective diffusion by measuring the sorption kinetics utilizing a volumetric sorption analyzer to circumvent the problem of obtaining proper data for tortuosity. For this purpose, sorption kinetics were determined for carbon dioxide and methane at temperatures of (25 and 50) °C and pressures up to 115 kPa in a synthetic lignite-like solid fuel.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1792-1797
Number of pages6
JournalEnergy Procedia
Volume158
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2019
Event10th International Conference on Applied Energy, ICAE 2018 - Hong Kong, China
Duration: 22 Aug 201825 Aug 2018

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Diffusion in gases
Sorption
Carbon
Kinetics
Lignite
Carbon dioxide
Methane
Mass transfer
Porosity
Gases
Temperature

Cite this

Wedler, Carsten ; Arami-Niya, Arash ; Xiao, Gongkui ; Span, Roland ; May, Eric F. ; Richter, Markus. / Gas diffusion and sorption in carbon conversion. In: Energy Procedia. 2019 ; Vol. 158. pp. 1792-1797.
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Gas diffusion and sorption in carbon conversion. / Wedler, Carsten; Arami-Niya, Arash; Xiao, Gongkui; Span, Roland; May, Eric F.; Richter, Markus.

In: Energy Procedia, Vol. 158, 02.2019, p. 1792-1797.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Gas diffusion and sorption in carbon conversion

AU - Wedler, Carsten

AU - Arami-Niya, Arash

AU - Xiao, Gongkui

AU - Span, Roland

AU - May, Eric F.

AU - Richter, Markus

PY - 2019/2

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N2 - In common carbon conversion models, effective diffusion is considered to describe mass transport of reactive gases in porous char particles. Conventionally, effective diffusion is determined by taking porosity and tortuosity of the solid char into account, however, the tortuosity cannot be determined experimentally. Therefore, values for the tortuosity are mainly chosen to fit the respective model to experimental data. Here, we present the determination of effective diffusion by measuring the sorption kinetics utilizing a volumetric sorption analyzer to circumvent the problem of obtaining proper data for tortuosity. For this purpose, sorption kinetics were determined for carbon dioxide and methane at temperatures of (25 and 50) °C and pressures up to 115 kPa in a synthetic lignite-like solid fuel.

AB - In common carbon conversion models, effective diffusion is considered to describe mass transport of reactive gases in porous char particles. Conventionally, effective diffusion is determined by taking porosity and tortuosity of the solid char into account, however, the tortuosity cannot be determined experimentally. Therefore, values for the tortuosity are mainly chosen to fit the respective model to experimental data. Here, we present the determination of effective diffusion by measuring the sorption kinetics utilizing a volumetric sorption analyzer to circumvent the problem of obtaining proper data for tortuosity. For this purpose, sorption kinetics were determined for carbon dioxide and methane at temperatures of (25 and 50) °C and pressures up to 115 kPa in a synthetic lignite-like solid fuel.

KW - Carbon conversion

KW - Effective diffusion coefficients

KW - Oxyfuel

KW - Sorption kinetics

KW - Synthetic fuel

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