Galaxy and Mass Assembly (GAMA): The stellar mass budget of galaxy spheroids and discs

Amanda J. Moffett, Rebecca Lange, Simon P. Driver, Aaron S. G. Robotham, Lee S. Kelvin, Mehmet Alpaslan, Stephen K. Andrews, Joss Bland-Hawthorn, Sarah Brough, Michelle E. Cluver, Matthew Colless, Luke J. M. Davies, Benne W. Holwerda, Andrew M. Hopkins, Prajwal R. Kafle, Jochen Liske, Martin Meyer

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Abstract

We build on a recent photometric decomposition analysis of 7506 Galaxy and Mass Assembly (GAMA) survey galaxies to derive stellar mass function fits to individual spheroid and disc component populations down to a lower mass limit of log(M*/M·) = 8. We find that the spheroid/disc mass distributions for individual galaxy morphological types are well described by single Schechter function forms. We derive estimates of the total stellar mass densities in spheroids (ρspheroid = 1.24 ± 0.49 × 108 M· Mpc -3h0.7) and discs (ρdisc = 1.20 ± 0.45 × 108 M· Mpc -3h0.7), which translates to approximately 50 per cent of the local stellar mass density in spheroids and 48 per cent in discs. The remaining stellar mass is found in the dwarf 'little blue spheroid' class, which is not obviously similar in structure to either classical spheroid or disc populations. We also examine the variation of component mass ratios across galaxy mass and group halo mass regimes, finding the transition from spheroid to disc mass dominance occurs near galaxy stellar mass ~1011 M· and group halo mass ~1012.5 M·h-1. We further quantify the variation in spheroid-to-total mass ratio with group halo mass for central and satellite populations as well as the radial variation of this ratio within groups.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4336-4348
Number of pages13
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume462
Issue number4
Early online date30 Jul 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Nov 2016

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spheroids
stellar mass
budgets
assembly
galaxies
halos
mass ratios
budget
mass distribution
decomposition analysis
decomposition
estimates

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Moffett, Amanda J. ; Lange, Rebecca ; Driver, Simon P. ; Robotham, Aaron S. G. ; Kelvin, Lee S. ; Alpaslan, Mehmet ; Andrews, Stephen K. ; Bland-Hawthorn, Joss ; Brough, Sarah ; Cluver, Michelle E. ; Colless, Matthew ; Davies, Luke J. M. ; Holwerda, Benne W. ; Hopkins, Andrew M. ; Kafle, Prajwal R. ; Liske, Jochen ; Meyer, Martin. / Galaxy and Mass Assembly (GAMA) : The stellar mass budget of galaxy spheroids and discs. In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 2016 ; Vol. 462, No. 4. pp. 4336-4348.
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abstract = "We build on a recent photometric decomposition analysis of 7506 Galaxy and Mass Assembly (GAMA) survey galaxies to derive stellar mass function fits to individual spheroid and disc component populations down to a lower mass limit of log(M*/M·) = 8. We find that the spheroid/disc mass distributions for individual galaxy morphological types are well described by single Schechter function forms. We derive estimates of the total stellar mass densities in spheroids (ρspheroid = 1.24 ± 0.49 × 108 M· Mpc -3h0.7) and discs (ρdisc = 1.20 ± 0.45 × 108 M· Mpc -3h0.7), which translates to approximately 50 per cent of the local stellar mass density in spheroids and 48 per cent in discs. The remaining stellar mass is found in the dwarf 'little blue spheroid' class, which is not obviously similar in structure to either classical spheroid or disc populations. We also examine the variation of component mass ratios across galaxy mass and group halo mass regimes, finding the transition from spheroid to disc mass dominance occurs near galaxy stellar mass ~1011 M· and group halo mass ~1012.5 M·h-1. We further quantify the variation in spheroid-to-total mass ratio with group halo mass for central and satellite populations as well as the radial variation of this ratio within groups.",
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Moffett, AJ, Lange, R, Driver, SP, Robotham, ASG, Kelvin, LS, Alpaslan, M, Andrews, SK, Bland-Hawthorn, J, Brough, S, Cluver, ME, Colless, M, Davies, LJM, Holwerda, BW, Hopkins, AM, Kafle, PR, Liske, J & Meyer, M 2016, 'Galaxy and Mass Assembly (GAMA): The stellar mass budget of galaxy spheroids and discs' Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, vol. 462, no. 4, pp. 4336-4348. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stw1861

Galaxy and Mass Assembly (GAMA) : The stellar mass budget of galaxy spheroids and discs. / Moffett, Amanda J.; Lange, Rebecca; Driver, Simon P.; Robotham, Aaron S. G.; Kelvin, Lee S.; Alpaslan, Mehmet; Andrews, Stephen K.; Bland-Hawthorn, Joss; Brough, Sarah; Cluver, Michelle E.; Colless, Matthew; Davies, Luke J. M.; Holwerda, Benne W.; Hopkins, Andrew M.; Kafle, Prajwal R.; Liske, Jochen; Meyer, Martin.

In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 462, No. 4, 11.11.2016, p. 4336-4348.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Galaxy and Mass Assembly (GAMA)

T2 - The stellar mass budget of galaxy spheroids and discs

AU - Moffett, Amanda J.

AU - Lange, Rebecca

AU - Driver, Simon P.

AU - Robotham, Aaron S. G.

AU - Kelvin, Lee S.

AU - Alpaslan, Mehmet

AU - Andrews, Stephen K.

AU - Bland-Hawthorn, Joss

AU - Brough, Sarah

AU - Cluver, Michelle E.

AU - Colless, Matthew

AU - Davies, Luke J. M.

AU - Holwerda, Benne W.

AU - Hopkins, Andrew M.

AU - Kafle, Prajwal R.

AU - Liske, Jochen

AU - Meyer, Martin

PY - 2016/11/11

Y1 - 2016/11/11

N2 - We build on a recent photometric decomposition analysis of 7506 Galaxy and Mass Assembly (GAMA) survey galaxies to derive stellar mass function fits to individual spheroid and disc component populations down to a lower mass limit of log(M*/M·) = 8. We find that the spheroid/disc mass distributions for individual galaxy morphological types are well described by single Schechter function forms. We derive estimates of the total stellar mass densities in spheroids (ρspheroid = 1.24 ± 0.49 × 108 M· Mpc -3h0.7) and discs (ρdisc = 1.20 ± 0.45 × 108 M· Mpc -3h0.7), which translates to approximately 50 per cent of the local stellar mass density in spheroids and 48 per cent in discs. The remaining stellar mass is found in the dwarf 'little blue spheroid' class, which is not obviously similar in structure to either classical spheroid or disc populations. We also examine the variation of component mass ratios across galaxy mass and group halo mass regimes, finding the transition from spheroid to disc mass dominance occurs near galaxy stellar mass ~1011 M· and group halo mass ~1012.5 M·h-1. We further quantify the variation in spheroid-to-total mass ratio with group halo mass for central and satellite populations as well as the radial variation of this ratio within groups.

AB - We build on a recent photometric decomposition analysis of 7506 Galaxy and Mass Assembly (GAMA) survey galaxies to derive stellar mass function fits to individual spheroid and disc component populations down to a lower mass limit of log(M*/M·) = 8. We find that the spheroid/disc mass distributions for individual galaxy morphological types are well described by single Schechter function forms. We derive estimates of the total stellar mass densities in spheroids (ρspheroid = 1.24 ± 0.49 × 108 M· Mpc -3h0.7) and discs (ρdisc = 1.20 ± 0.45 × 108 M· Mpc -3h0.7), which translates to approximately 50 per cent of the local stellar mass density in spheroids and 48 per cent in discs. The remaining stellar mass is found in the dwarf 'little blue spheroid' class, which is not obviously similar in structure to either classical spheroid or disc populations. We also examine the variation of component mass ratios across galaxy mass and group halo mass regimes, finding the transition from spheroid to disc mass dominance occurs near galaxy stellar mass ~1011 M· and group halo mass ~1012.5 M·h-1. We further quantify the variation in spheroid-to-total mass ratio with group halo mass for central and satellite populations as well as the radial variation of this ratio within groups.

KW - CD

KW - Galaxies: elliptical and lenticular

KW - galaxies: fundamental parameters

KW - Galaxies: luminosity function

KW - Galaxies: spiral

KW - Galaxies: statistics

KW - Mass function

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U2 - 10.1093/mnras/stw1861

DO - 10.1093/mnras/stw1861

M3 - Article

VL - 462

SP - 4336

EP - 4348

JO - Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

JF - Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

SN - 0035-8711

IS - 4

ER -