Objective: Older adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) experience accelerated age-related decline in some domains of cognition. The present study sought to investigate executive functioning and dual tasking capacities in this group. Method: Older adults with DM2 and age-matched controls completed self-report measures assessing everyday activities, a comprehensive cognitive battery and more specific tasks assessing executive functioning, dual tasking, postural stability, and motor control. Results: Executive abilities were particularly compromised in the participants with DM2. Furthermore, the DM2 group exhibited reduced postural stability under dual task conditions. Discussion: These findings suggest that deficits in more complex cognitive activities underlie the decline in everyday function in DM2. © The Author(s) 2014.
Smith, M. A., Else, J. E., Paul, L. M., Foster, J., Walker, M. A., Wesnes, K. A., & Riby, L. M. (2014). Functional living in older adults with type 2 diabetes: Executive functioning, dual task performance, and the impact on postural stability and motor control. Journal of Aging and Health, 26(5), 841-859. https://doi.org/10.1177/0898264314534896