Functional assessment of component positioning in patients with groin pain after total hip arthroplasty as a tool to guide management

Georgina C. Waters, Christopher Jones, Peter D’Alessandro, Piers Yates

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Persisting groin pain post total hip arthroplasty (THA) is a common and complex issue that can be difficult to diagnose and manage. Acetabular component positioning is often implicated. Aims and methods: We used a previously well described and validated functional positioning protocol to determine if functional acetabular malpositioning was a factor in groin pain post THA and hence to determine if acetabular revision would be indicated. We compared patient-specific functional acetabular positioning to traditional CT evaluation of cup position and assessment of anterior cup overhang. Results: 39 patients with groin pain post-THA were investigated. Functional acetabular malpositioning was diagnosed in 31% (12/39). Revision THA was performed in those 12 patients, resulting in resolution of functional malpositioning (100%), with an overall accuracy of 5.6° (range 1–12), and resolution of groin pain in 67% (8/12). 33% (4/12) of the revised implants had functional positioning located outside the traditional “40/20 zone”. Comparison with CT indicated that 40% (4/10) of implants with anterior overhang were well positioned, however only 50% (6/12) of functionally malpositioned implants had CT evidence of anterior cup prominence. Of the 8/12 revision patients who had resolution of their groin pain, only 1 had cup prominence. Conclusions: This study suggests that the utilisation of a patient specific functional positioning algorithm in the analysis of persistent groin pain following THA can assist in identifying the underlying cause of pain and help to guide treatment. For a functionally malpositioned acetabulum, revision surgery offers a potential resolution of groin pain.

Original languageEnglish
JournalHip International
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 20 Oct 2023

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