Fuel of the self-starter: How mood relates to proactive goal regulation

Uta Bindl, Sharon Parker, P. Totterdell, G. Hagger-Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

142 Citations (Scopus)


The authors consider how multiple dimensions of affect relate to individual proactivity. They conceptualized proactivity within a goal-regulatory framework that encompasses 4 elements: envisioning, planning, enacting, and reflecting. In a study of call center agents (N = 225), evidence supported the distinctiveness of the 4 elements of proactive goal regulation. Findings further indicated that high-activated positive mood was positively associated with all elements of proactive goal regulation, and low-activated negative mood was positively associated with envisioning proactivity. These findings were further supported in a longitudinal investigation of career-related proactivity amongst medical students (N = 250). The role of affective experience in proactivity is more nuanced than previously assumed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)134-150
JournalJournal of Applied Psychology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2012

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