Fruit intake and abdominal aortic calcification in elderly women: A prospective cohort study

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    Abstract

    © 2016 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death worldwide. There is a consistent inverse relationship between fruit intake with CVD events and mortality in cross-sectional and prospective observational studies, but the relationship of fruit intake with measurements of atherosclerosis in humans is less clear. Nutritional effects on abdominal aortic calcification (AAC), a marker for subclinical intimal and medial atherosclerotic vascular disease, have not been studied previously. The aim of this study was to examine the cross-sectional relationship of total and individual fruit (apple, pear, orange and other citrus, and banana) intake with AAC, scored between 0 and 24. The current study assessed baseline data for a cohort of 1052 women over 70 years of age who completed both a food frequency questionnaire assessing fruit intake, and underwent AAC measurement using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. AAC scores were significantly negatively correlated with total fruit and apple intakes (p <0.05), but not with pear, orange or banana intakes (p > 0.25). In multivariable-adjusted logistic regression, each standard deviation (SD; 50 g/day) increase in apple intake was associated with a 24% lower odds of having severe AAC (AAC score >5) (odd ratio OR): 0.76 (0.62, 0.93), p = 0.009). Total and other individual fruit intake were not associated with increased odds of having severe AAC. Apple but not total or other fruit intake is independently negatively associated with AAC in older women.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number159
    Pages (from-to)1-12
    Number of pages12
    JournalNutrients
    Volume8
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 10 Mar 2016

    Fingerprint

    fruit consumption
    calcification
    cohort studies
    Fruit
    Cohort Studies
    Prospective Studies
    Malus
    apples
    cardiovascular diseases
    Cardiovascular Diseases
    Tunica Intima
    Pyrus
    Musa
    Citrus
    Photon Absorptiometry
    vascular diseases
    fruits
    dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry
    Switzerland
    Vascular Diseases

    Cite this

    @article{2c201956311a4d00ad460f8c2e222c13,
    title = "Fruit intake and abdominal aortic calcification in elderly women: A prospective cohort study",
    abstract = "{\circledC} 2016 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death worldwide. There is a consistent inverse relationship between fruit intake with CVD events and mortality in cross-sectional and prospective observational studies, but the relationship of fruit intake with measurements of atherosclerosis in humans is less clear. Nutritional effects on abdominal aortic calcification (AAC), a marker for subclinical intimal and medial atherosclerotic vascular disease, have not been studied previously. The aim of this study was to examine the cross-sectional relationship of total and individual fruit (apple, pear, orange and other citrus, and banana) intake with AAC, scored between 0 and 24. The current study assessed baseline data for a cohort of 1052 women over 70 years of age who completed both a food frequency questionnaire assessing fruit intake, and underwent AAC measurement using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. AAC scores were significantly negatively correlated with total fruit and apple intakes (p <0.05), but not with pear, orange or banana intakes (p > 0.25). In multivariable-adjusted logistic regression, each standard deviation (SD; 50 g/day) increase in apple intake was associated with a 24{\%} lower odds of having severe AAC (AAC score >5) (odd ratio OR): 0.76 (0.62, 0.93), p = 0.009). Total and other individual fruit intake were not associated with increased odds of having severe AAC. Apple but not total or other fruit intake is independently negatively associated with AAC in older women.",
    author = "Nicola Bondonno and Joshua Lewis and Richard Prince and Wai Lim and G. Wong and J.T. Schousboe and R.J. Woodman and D.P. Kiel and Catherine Bondonno and Natalie Ward and Kevin Croft and Jonathan Hodgson",
    year = "2016",
    month = "3",
    day = "10",
    doi = "10.3390/nu8030159",
    language = "English",
    volume = "8",
    pages = "1--12",
    journal = "Nutrients",
    issn = "2072-6643",
    publisher = "Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)",
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    }

    Fruit intake and abdominal aortic calcification in elderly women: A prospective cohort study. / Bondonno, Nicola; Lewis, Joshua; Prince, Richard; Lim, Wai; Wong, G.; Schousboe, J.T.; Woodman, R.J.; Kiel, D.P.; Bondonno, Catherine; Ward, Natalie; Croft, Kevin; Hodgson, Jonathan.

    In: Nutrients, Vol. 8, No. 3, 159, 10.03.2016, p. 1-12.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Fruit intake and abdominal aortic calcification in elderly women: A prospective cohort study

    AU - Bondonno, Nicola

    AU - Lewis, Joshua

    AU - Prince, Richard

    AU - Lim, Wai

    AU - Wong, G.

    AU - Schousboe, J.T.

    AU - Woodman, R.J.

    AU - Kiel, D.P.

    AU - Bondonno, Catherine

    AU - Ward, Natalie

    AU - Croft, Kevin

    AU - Hodgson, Jonathan

    PY - 2016/3/10

    Y1 - 2016/3/10

    N2 - © 2016 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death worldwide. There is a consistent inverse relationship between fruit intake with CVD events and mortality in cross-sectional and prospective observational studies, but the relationship of fruit intake with measurements of atherosclerosis in humans is less clear. Nutritional effects on abdominal aortic calcification (AAC), a marker for subclinical intimal and medial atherosclerotic vascular disease, have not been studied previously. The aim of this study was to examine the cross-sectional relationship of total and individual fruit (apple, pear, orange and other citrus, and banana) intake with AAC, scored between 0 and 24. The current study assessed baseline data for a cohort of 1052 women over 70 years of age who completed both a food frequency questionnaire assessing fruit intake, and underwent AAC measurement using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. AAC scores were significantly negatively correlated with total fruit and apple intakes (p <0.05), but not with pear, orange or banana intakes (p > 0.25). In multivariable-adjusted logistic regression, each standard deviation (SD; 50 g/day) increase in apple intake was associated with a 24% lower odds of having severe AAC (AAC score >5) (odd ratio OR): 0.76 (0.62, 0.93), p = 0.009). Total and other individual fruit intake were not associated with increased odds of having severe AAC. Apple but not total or other fruit intake is independently negatively associated with AAC in older women.

    AB - © 2016 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death worldwide. There is a consistent inverse relationship between fruit intake with CVD events and mortality in cross-sectional and prospective observational studies, but the relationship of fruit intake with measurements of atherosclerosis in humans is less clear. Nutritional effects on abdominal aortic calcification (AAC), a marker for subclinical intimal and medial atherosclerotic vascular disease, have not been studied previously. The aim of this study was to examine the cross-sectional relationship of total and individual fruit (apple, pear, orange and other citrus, and banana) intake with AAC, scored between 0 and 24. The current study assessed baseline data for a cohort of 1052 women over 70 years of age who completed both a food frequency questionnaire assessing fruit intake, and underwent AAC measurement using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. AAC scores were significantly negatively correlated with total fruit and apple intakes (p <0.05), but not with pear, orange or banana intakes (p > 0.25). In multivariable-adjusted logistic regression, each standard deviation (SD; 50 g/day) increase in apple intake was associated with a 24% lower odds of having severe AAC (AAC score >5) (odd ratio OR): 0.76 (0.62, 0.93), p = 0.009). Total and other individual fruit intake were not associated with increased odds of having severe AAC. Apple but not total or other fruit intake is independently negatively associated with AAC in older women.

    U2 - 10.3390/nu8030159

    DO - 10.3390/nu8030159

    M3 - Article

    VL - 8

    SP - 1

    EP - 12

    JO - Nutrients

    JF - Nutrients

    SN - 2072-6643

    IS - 3

    M1 - 159

    ER -