Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) and the marginal zone lymphoma (MZL) subtypes (nodal MZL, extra-nodal MZL of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT lymphoma) and splenic MZL) are uncommon lymphoma subtypes, accounting for less than 5–10% of all non-Hodgkin lymphoma. The evidence base for therapy is therefore limited and enrolment into clinical trials is preferred. Outcomes for patients with MCL have been steadily improving mainly due to the adoption of more intense strategies in younger patients, the use of rituximab maintenance and the recent introduction of bendamustine in older patients. MZL is a more heterogeneous group of cancer with both nodal, extra-nodal and splenic subtypes. Extranodal MZL may be associated with autoimmune or infectious aetiologies, and can respond to eradication of the causative pathogen. Proton pump inhibitor plus dual antibiotics in Helicobacter pylori positive gastric MALT lymphoma is curative in many patients. Watchful waiting is appropriate in most patients with asymptomatic advanced stage disease, which tends to behave in a particularly indolent manner. Other options for symptomatic disease include splenectomy, chemoimmunotherapy with rituximab and, more recently, targeted therapies.