From the hospital to the home - The rise and rise of Clostridium difficile infection

Lauren Tracey, Andrew Kirke, Paul Armstrong, Thomas V. Riley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background

Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) has emerged as a serious worldwide public health threat. Although C. difficile has always been a cause of diarrhoeal disease in patients presenting to general practice, the rates of community-associated CDI (CA CDI) have increased.

Objectives

This article provides a summary of what is currently known about CA CDI and the implications for Australian general practitioners (GPs).

Discussion

Changes in the colonic flora (most often because of antibiotic use) and exposure to C. difficile are both required for the disease to develop. Potential sources of C. difficile in the community include the home environment, food and water, workplace and environment. Identification of risk factors for CDI may help in the early diagnosis and subsequent management of infection, and these are being explored further. GPs have a role in understanding and managing CA CDI through prudent prescribing, patient education and adequate testing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)712-717
Number of pages6
JournalAustralian Family Physician
Volume44
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2015

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