From the hospital to the home - The rise and rise of Clostridium difficile infection

Lauren Tracey, Andrew Kirke, Paul Armstrong, Thomas V. Riley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background

Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) has emerged as a serious worldwide public health threat. Although C. difficile has always been a cause of diarrhoeal disease in patients presenting to general practice, the rates of community-associated CDI (CA CDI) have increased.

Objectives

This article provides a summary of what is currently known about CA CDI and the implications for Australian general practitioners (GPs).

Discussion

Changes in the colonic flora (most often because of antibiotic use) and exposure to C. difficile are both required for the disease to develop. Potential sources of C. difficile in the community include the home environment, food and water, workplace and environment. Identification of risk factors for CDI may help in the early diagnosis and subsequent management of infection, and these are being explored further. GPs have a role in understanding and managing CA CDI through prudent prescribing, patient education and adequate testing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)712-717
Number of pages6
JournalAustralian Family Physician
Volume44
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2015

Cite this

@article{3246b580dfe04c2ebd8194272826c326,
title = "From the hospital to the home - The rise and rise of Clostridium difficile infection",
abstract = "BackgroundClostridium difficile infection (CDI) has emerged as a serious worldwide public health threat. Although C. difficile has always been a cause of diarrhoeal disease in patients presenting to general practice, the rates of community-associated CDI (CA CDI) have increased.ObjectivesThis article provides a summary of what is currently known about CA CDI and the implications for Australian general practitioners (GPs).DiscussionChanges in the colonic flora (most often because of antibiotic use) and exposure to C. difficile are both required for the disease to develop. Potential sources of C. difficile in the community include the home environment, food and water, workplace and environment. Identification of risk factors for CDI may help in the early diagnosis and subsequent management of infection, and these are being explored further. GPs have a role in understanding and managing CA CDI through prudent prescribing, patient education and adequate testing.",
keywords = "GENERAL-PRACTICE, HIGH PREVALENCE, RIBOTYPE 078, EPIDEMIOLOGY, DISEASE, ANIMALS, FOOD, SURVEILLANCE, DIAGNOSIS, MORTALITY",
author = "Lauren Tracey and Andrew Kirke and Paul Armstrong and Riley, {Thomas V.}",
year = "2015",
month = "10",
language = "English",
volume = "44",
pages = "712--717",
journal = "Australian Family Physician.",
issn = "0300-8495",
publisher = "The Royal Australian College of General Practitioners",
number = "10",

}

From the hospital to the home - The rise and rise of Clostridium difficile infection. / Tracey, Lauren; Kirke, Andrew; Armstrong, Paul; Riley, Thomas V.

In: Australian Family Physician, Vol. 44, No. 10, 10.2015, p. 712-717.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - From the hospital to the home - The rise and rise of Clostridium difficile infection

AU - Tracey, Lauren

AU - Kirke, Andrew

AU - Armstrong, Paul

AU - Riley, Thomas V.

PY - 2015/10

Y1 - 2015/10

N2 - BackgroundClostridium difficile infection (CDI) has emerged as a serious worldwide public health threat. Although C. difficile has always been a cause of diarrhoeal disease in patients presenting to general practice, the rates of community-associated CDI (CA CDI) have increased.ObjectivesThis article provides a summary of what is currently known about CA CDI and the implications for Australian general practitioners (GPs).DiscussionChanges in the colonic flora (most often because of antibiotic use) and exposure to C. difficile are both required for the disease to develop. Potential sources of C. difficile in the community include the home environment, food and water, workplace and environment. Identification of risk factors for CDI may help in the early diagnosis and subsequent management of infection, and these are being explored further. GPs have a role in understanding and managing CA CDI through prudent prescribing, patient education and adequate testing.

AB - BackgroundClostridium difficile infection (CDI) has emerged as a serious worldwide public health threat. Although C. difficile has always been a cause of diarrhoeal disease in patients presenting to general practice, the rates of community-associated CDI (CA CDI) have increased.ObjectivesThis article provides a summary of what is currently known about CA CDI and the implications for Australian general practitioners (GPs).DiscussionChanges in the colonic flora (most often because of antibiotic use) and exposure to C. difficile are both required for the disease to develop. Potential sources of C. difficile in the community include the home environment, food and water, workplace and environment. Identification of risk factors for CDI may help in the early diagnosis and subsequent management of infection, and these are being explored further. GPs have a role in understanding and managing CA CDI through prudent prescribing, patient education and adequate testing.

KW - GENERAL-PRACTICE

KW - HIGH PREVALENCE

KW - RIBOTYPE 078

KW - EPIDEMIOLOGY

KW - DISEASE

KW - ANIMALS

KW - FOOD

KW - SURVEILLANCE

KW - DIAGNOSIS

KW - MORTALITY

M3 - Article

VL - 44

SP - 712

EP - 717

JO - Australian Family Physician.

JF - Australian Family Physician.

SN - 0300-8495

IS - 10

ER -