From local uncertainty to global predictions: Making predictions on fractal basins

A. Levi, J. Sabuco, M. Small, M.A.F. Sanjuán

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    1 Citation (Scopus)

    Abstract

    In nonlinear systems long term dynamics is governed by the attractors present in phase space. The presence of a chaotic saddle gives rise to basins of attraction with fractal boundaries and sometimes even to Wada boundaries. These two phenomena involve extreme difficulties in the prediction of the future state of the system. However, we show here that it is possible to make statistical predictions even if we do not have any previous knowledge of the initial conditions or the time series of the system until it reaches its final state. In this work, we develop a general method to make statistical predictions in systems with fractal basins. In particular, we have applied this new method to the Duffing oscillator for a choice of parameters where the system possesses the Wada property. We have computed the statistical properties of the Duffing oscillator for different phase space resolutions, to obtain information about the global dynamics of the system. The key idea is that the fraction of initial conditions that evolve towards each attractor is scale free—which we illustrate numerically. We have also shown numerically how having partial information about the initial conditions of the system does not improve in general the predictions in the Wada regions.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article numbere0194926
    JournalPLoS One
    Volume13
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2018

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