From clinician to educator: A scoping review of professional identity and the influence of impostor phenomenon

Kirsty Freeman, Sandra Carr, Brid Phillips, Farah Noya, Debra Nestel

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: As healthcare educators undergo a career transition from providing care to providing education, their professional
identity can also transition accompanied by significant threat. Given their qualifications are usually clinical in nature, healthcare
educators’ knowledge and skills in education and other relevant theories are often minimal, making them vulnerable to feeling
fraudulent in the healthcare educator role. This threat and vulnerability is described as the impostor phenomenon. The aim of this
study was to examine and map the concepts of professional identity and the influence of impostor phenomenon in healthcare
educators.
Methods: The authors conducted a scoping review of health professions literature. Six databases were searched, identifying 121
relevant articles, eight meeting our inclusion criteria. Two researchers independently extracted data, collating and summarising
the results.
Results: Clinicians who become healthcare educators experience identity ambiguity. Gaps exist in the incidence and influence
of impostor phenomenon in healthcare educators. Creating communities of practice, where opportunities exist for formal and informal interactions with both peers and experts, has a positive impact on professional identity construction. Faculty development activities that incorporate the beliefs, values and attributes of the professional role of a healthcare educator can be
effective in establishing a new professional identity. Conclusion: This review describes the professional identity ambiguity experienced by clinicians as they take on the role of healthcare educator and solutions to ensure a sustainable healthcare education workforce.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21-32
Number of pages12
JournalThe Asia Pacific Scholar
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2022

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