Frequency-agile, rapid scanning spectroscopy: Absorption sensitivity of 2 × 10-12 cm-1 Hz-1/2 with a tunable diode laser

D.A. Long, G. Truong, R.D. Van Zee, D.F. Plusquellic, J.T. Hodges

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    29 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    We present ultrasensitive measurements of molecular absorption using frequency-agile rapid scanning, cavity ring-down spectroscopy with an external-cavity diode laser. A microwave source that drives an electro-optic phase modulator with a bandwidth of 20 GHz generates pairs of sidebands on the probe laser. The optical cavity provides for high sensitivity and filters the carrier and all but a single, selected sideband. Absorption spectra were acquired by stepping the tunable sideband from mode-to-mode of the ring-down cavity at a rate that was limited only by the cavity decay time. This approach allows for scanning rates of 8 kHz per cavity resonance, a minimum detectable absorption coefficient of 1.7 × 10-11 cm-1 after only 20 ms of averaging, and a noise-equivalent absorption coefficient of 1.7 × 10-12 cm-1 Hz-1/2. By comparison with cavity-enhanced laser absorption spectrometers reported in the literature, the present system is, to the best of our knowledge, among the most sensitive and has by far the highest spectrum scanning rate. © 2013 Springer (outside the USA).
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)489-495
    JournalApplied Physics B: Lasers and Optics
    Volume114
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014

    Fingerprint

    Absorption spectroscopy
    Semiconductor lasers
    Scanning
    Lasers
    Electrooptical effects
    Modulators
    Spectrometers
    Absorption spectra
    Microwaves
    Spectroscopy
    Bandwidth

    Cite this

    Long, D.A. ; Truong, G. ; Van Zee, R.D. ; Plusquellic, D.F. ; Hodges, J.T. / Frequency-agile, rapid scanning spectroscopy: Absorption sensitivity of 2 × 10-12 cm-1 Hz-1/2 with a tunable diode laser. In: Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics. 2014 ; Vol. 114, No. 4. pp. 489-495.
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    abstract = "We present ultrasensitive measurements of molecular absorption using frequency-agile rapid scanning, cavity ring-down spectroscopy with an external-cavity diode laser. A microwave source that drives an electro-optic phase modulator with a bandwidth of 20 GHz generates pairs of sidebands on the probe laser. The optical cavity provides for high sensitivity and filters the carrier and all but a single, selected sideband. Absorption spectra were acquired by stepping the tunable sideband from mode-to-mode of the ring-down cavity at a rate that was limited only by the cavity decay time. This approach allows for scanning rates of 8 kHz per cavity resonance, a minimum detectable absorption coefficient of 1.7 × 10-11 cm-1 after only 20 ms of averaging, and a noise-equivalent absorption coefficient of 1.7 × 10-12 cm-1 Hz-1/2. By comparison with cavity-enhanced laser absorption spectrometers reported in the literature, the present system is, to the best of our knowledge, among the most sensitive and has by far the highest spectrum scanning rate. {\circledC} 2013 Springer (outside the USA).",
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    Frequency-agile, rapid scanning spectroscopy: Absorption sensitivity of 2 × 10-12 cm-1 Hz-1/2 with a tunable diode laser. / Long, D.A.; Truong, G.; Van Zee, R.D.; Plusquellic, D.F.; Hodges, J.T.

    In: Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics, Vol. 114, No. 4, 2014, p. 489-495.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    AU - Long, D.A.

    AU - Truong, G.

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    AU - Plusquellic, D.F.

    AU - Hodges, J.T.

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    AB - We present ultrasensitive measurements of molecular absorption using frequency-agile rapid scanning, cavity ring-down spectroscopy with an external-cavity diode laser. A microwave source that drives an electro-optic phase modulator with a bandwidth of 20 GHz generates pairs of sidebands on the probe laser. The optical cavity provides for high sensitivity and filters the carrier and all but a single, selected sideband. Absorption spectra were acquired by stepping the tunable sideband from mode-to-mode of the ring-down cavity at a rate that was limited only by the cavity decay time. This approach allows for scanning rates of 8 kHz per cavity resonance, a minimum detectable absorption coefficient of 1.7 × 10-11 cm-1 after only 20 ms of averaging, and a noise-equivalent absorption coefficient of 1.7 × 10-12 cm-1 Hz-1/2. By comparison with cavity-enhanced laser absorption spectrometers reported in the literature, the present system is, to the best of our knowledge, among the most sensitive and has by far the highest spectrum scanning rate. © 2013 Springer (outside the USA).

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