The fragile site at Xq27.3 is an unstable microsatellite repeat, p(CCG)(n). In fragile-X syndrome pedigrees, this sequence exhibits variable amplification, the length of which correlates with fragile-site expression. There is a direct relationship between increased p(CCG)(n) copy number and propensity for instability: individuals having large amplifications exhibit somatic variation due to increased instability. The instability of the p(CCG)(n) repeat, when transmitted through affected pedigrees, explains the unusual segregation patterns of fragile-X phenotype, referred to as the Sherman paradox. All individuals of fragile-X genotype were found (where testing was possible) to have a parent with amplified p(CCG)(n) repeat, indicating that few, if any, cases of fragile-X syndrome are not familial.
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||American Journal of Human Genetics|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jun 1992|