Fracture Risk Increases After Stroke or Transient Ischemic Attack and Is Associated With Reduced Quality of Life

Stroke123 Investigators, Judith M. Katzenellenbogen

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BACKGROUND: Fractures are a serious consequence following stroke, but it is unclear how these events influence health-related quality of life (HRQoL). We aimed to compare annualized rates of fractures before and after stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA), identify associated factors, and examine the relationship with HRQoL after stroke/TIA. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study using data from the Australian Stroke Clinical Registry (2009-2013) linked with hospital administrative and mortality data. Rates of fractures were assessed in the 1-year period before and after stroke/TIA. Negative binomial regression, with censoring at death, was used to identify factors associated with fractures after stroke/TIA. Respondents provided HRQoL data once between 90 and 180 days after stroke/TIA using the EuroQoL 5-dimensional 3-level instrument. Adjusted logistic regression was used to assess differences in HRQoL at 90 to 180 days by previous fracture. RESULTS: Among 13 594 adult survivors of stroke/TIA (49.7% aged ≥75 years, 45.5% female, 47.9% unable to walk on admission), 618 fractures occurred in the year before stroke/TIA (45 fractures per 1000 person-years) compared with 888 fractures in the year after stroke/TIA (74 fractures per 1000 person-years). This represented a relative increase of 63% (95% CI, 47%-80%). Factors associated with poststroke fractures included being female (incidence rate ratio [IRR], 1.34 [95% CI, 1.05-1.72]), increased age (per 10-year increase, IRR, 1.35 [95% CI, 1.21-1.50]), history of prior fracture(s; IRR, 2.56 [95% CI, 1.77-3.70]), and higher Charlson Comorbidity Scores (per 1-point increase, IRR, 1.18 [95% CI, 1.10-1.27]). Receipt of stroke unit care was associated with fewer poststroke fractures (IRR, 0.67 [95% CI, 0.49-0.93]). HRQoL at 90 to 180 days was worse among patients with prior fracture across the domains of mobility, self-care, usual activities, and pain/discomfort. CONCLUSIONS: Fracture risk increases substantially after stroke/TIA, and a history of these events is associated with poorer HRQoL at 90 to 180 days after stroke/TIA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2593-2601
Number of pages9
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2023

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