Food for thought: Progress in understanding the causes and mechanisms of food allergy

Sarah Ashley, Thanh Dang, Jennifer Koplin, David Martino, Susan Prescott

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose of review The community burden of food allergy appears to be rising, yet the causes and mechanisms are not completely understood. The purpose of this review is to provide a snapshot of the state of play of IgE food allergies, with a focus on recent advances. Recent findings There are still wide discrepancies regarding measures and definitions of food allergy. Even recent studies still rely on food sensitization, self-reporting, or parent-reporting rather than more robust measures. Population-based sampling strategies using objective measures are underway in some countries. Emerging data suggest substantial geographical and ethnic differences in food sensitization and allergy. Trans-cutaneous sensitization, particularly in those with eczema or filaggrin mutations, has been posited as a potential mechanism, as well as gut microbiota and genetics/epigenetics. Treatments for food allergy are still lacking, yet progress is being made, and immunotherapy appears more effective than dietary avoidance. Non-IgE food allergy remains drastically under-explored. Summary Food allergy is a complex immune-mediated disease consisting of numerous environmental/genetic/epigenetic risk factors; yet interventions are likely to be simple and cost-effective.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)237-242
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Volume15
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015

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