Fluorite deposits in the Zhejiang Province, southeast China: The possible role of extension during the late stages in the subduction of the Paleo-Pacific oceanic plate, as indicated by the Gudongkeng fluorite deposit

Yi Fang, Hao Zou, Leon Bagas, Nuru Said, Yang Li, Hang Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Southeast China with its widespread occurrences of Mesozoic igneous rocks, is one of the largest magmatic provinces worldwide, containing a large variety of mineral types, including hypothermal W-Sn, porphyry Cu, epithermal Au deposits. The Gudongkeng deposit is an example consisting of fluorite mineralisation trending SE over a distance of about 6 km. The major minerals in the deposit include fluorite and calcite of a hydrothermal origin and interpreted as a vein-type deposit associated with the Linghou Granite that yields a zircon U–Pb date of 100 ± 1 Ma, but intriguingly the fluorite yields an Sm–Nd isochron age of 73 ± 3 Ma, placing the genesis of the fluorite as a post-magmatic event. Fluid inclusions in the fluorite have low homogenisation temperatures of 104–195° C, salinities of 0.5 to 2.24 wt% NaCl eqv., and densities of 0.67–0.94 g/cm3. The inclusions contain NaCl–H2O–CaF2 with δDV-SMOW values between −64.3 and-50.1‰ and δ18OV-SMOW values between −7.6 and −2‰. The initial 87Sr/86Sr ratios of the fluorite range from 0.709816 to 0.710165 are characteristic of a crustal contribution. The ore-forming fluids can be mainly attributed to a NaCl–H2O–CaF2 system of moderate to low temperature, low salinity, and low density. The ore-forming fluid has a meteoric water source, with the reaction between the fluid and wallrocks being the main mechanism for fluorite precipitation at relatively low temperatures. Gudongkeng is a low temperature epithermal deposit which was formed in an extensional setting within the Cathaysia Block during the Late Cretaceous.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103276
JournalOre Geology Reviews
Volume117
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2020

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