Flooding tolerance of forage legumes

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76 Citations (Scopus)


We review waterlogging and submergence tolerances of forage (pasture) legumes. Growth reductions from waterlogging in perennial species ranged from >50% for Medicago sativa and Trifolium pratense to 10 d) leaves suffer chlorophyll degradation, damage, and N, P, and K deficiencies. In tolerant L. corniculatus and L. tenuis, photosynthesis is maintained longer, shoot N is less affected, and shoot P can even increase during waterlogging. Species also differ in tolerance of partial and complete shoot submergence. Gaps in knowledge include anoxia tolerance of roots, N2 fixation during field waterlogging, and identification of traits conferring the ability to recover after water subsides.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1851-1872
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Experimental Botany
Issue number8
Early online date20 Jun 2016
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2017


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