Laminar carbon fibre reinforced polymer (CFRP) composites contain inherent weak ply interfaces due to the lack of through-thickness fibre reinforcement. In this study, all ply interfaces were interleaved with ultra-thin (13 μm) non-woven short aramid fibre (SAF) veils to generate across ply fibre bridging, formed in-situ by movements of free fibre ends during the composite forming process. The toughening effect of ultra-thin SAF veils (13 μm and 29 μm in thickness) before and after impact was measured and compared. It was found that the 13 μm SAF veils increased the bulk flexural strength and modulus of CFRP by 16.9% and 19.8% prior to impact, challenging the common belief that interleaving with micro-length or short fibres is only beneficial to post-impact properties. X-ray micro-computed tomography and cross-section microscopy examinations were used to explain the mechanisms for improved flexural properties before and after low-velocity impact.
|Journal||Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Apr 2020|