Flavonoid intake and all-cause mortality

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    55 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Background: Flavonoids are bioactive compounds found in foods such as tea, chocolate, red wine, fruit, and vegetables. Higher intakes of specific flavonoids and flavonoid-rich foods have been linked to reduced mortality from specific vascular diseases and cancers. However, the importance of flavonoids in preventing all-cause mortality remains uncertain.

    Objective: The objective was to explore the association between flavonoid intake and risk of 5-y mortality from all causes by using 2 comprehensive food composition databases to assess flavonoid intake.

    Design: The study population included 1063 randomly selected women aged ≤75 y. All-cause, cancer, and cardiovascular mortalities were assessed over 5 y of follow-up through the Western Australia Data Linkage System. Two estimates of flavonoid intake (total flavonoidUSDA and total flavonoidPE) were determined by using food composition data from the USDA and the Phenol-Explorer (PE) databases, respectively.

    Results: During the 5-y follow-up period, 129 (12%) deaths were documented. Participants with high total flavonoid intake were at lower risk [multivariate-adjusted HR (95% CI)] of 5-y all-cause mortality than those with low total flavonoid consumption [total flavonoidUSDA: 0.37 (0.22, 0.58); total flavonoidPE: 0.36 (0.22, 0.60)]. Similar beneficial relations were observed for both cardiovascular disease mortality [total flavonoidUSDA: 0.34 (0.17, 0.69); flavonoidPE: 0.32 (0.16, 0.61)] and cancer mortality [total flavonoidUSDA: 0.25 (0.10, 0.62); flavonoidPE: 0.26 (0.11, 0.62)].

    Conclusions: Using the most comprehensive flavonoid databases, we provide evidence that high consumption of flavonoids is associated with reduced risk of mortality in older women. The benefits of flavonoids may extend to the etiology of cancer and cardiovascular disease. © 2015 American Society for Nutrition.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1012-1020
    JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition
    Volume101
    Issue number5
    Early online date1 Apr 2015
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - May 2015

    Fingerprint

    Flavonoids
    Mortality
    Food
    Databases
    Neoplasms
    Cardiovascular Diseases
    United States Department of Agriculture
    Western Australia
    Information Storage and Retrieval
    Tea
    Wine
    Phenol
    Vascular Diseases
    Information Systems
    Vegetables
    Fruit

    Cite this

    @article{90866f0a53c247afaba1f03a918f362c,
    title = "Flavonoid intake and all-cause mortality",
    abstract = "Background: Flavonoids are bioactive compounds found in foods such as tea, chocolate, red wine, fruit, and vegetables. Higher intakes of specific flavonoids and flavonoid-rich foods have been linked to reduced mortality from specific vascular diseases and cancers. However, the importance of flavonoids in preventing all-cause mortality remains uncertain. Objective: The objective was to explore the association between flavonoid intake and risk of 5-y mortality from all causes by using 2 comprehensive food composition databases to assess flavonoid intake. Design: The study population included 1063 randomly selected women aged ≤75 y. All-cause, cancer, and cardiovascular mortalities were assessed over 5 y of follow-up through the Western Australia Data Linkage System. Two estimates of flavonoid intake (total flavonoidUSDA and total flavonoidPE) were determined by using food composition data from the USDA and the Phenol-Explorer (PE) databases, respectively. Results: During the 5-y follow-up period, 129 (12{\%}) deaths were documented. Participants with high total flavonoid intake were at lower risk [multivariate-adjusted HR (95{\%} CI)] of 5-y all-cause mortality than those with low total flavonoid consumption [total flavonoidUSDA: 0.37 (0.22, 0.58); total flavonoidPE: 0.36 (0.22, 0.60)]. Similar beneficial relations were observed for both cardiovascular disease mortality [total flavonoidUSDA: 0.34 (0.17, 0.69); flavonoidPE: 0.32 (0.16, 0.61)] and cancer mortality [total flavonoidUSDA: 0.25 (0.10, 0.62); flavonoidPE: 0.26 (0.11, 0.62)]. Conclusions: Using the most comprehensive flavonoid databases, we provide evidence that high consumption of flavonoids is associated with reduced risk of mortality in older women. The benefits of flavonoids may extend to the etiology of cancer and cardiovascular disease. {\circledC} 2015 American Society for Nutrition.",
    author = "Kerry Ivey and Jonathan Hodgson and Kevin Croft and Joshua Lewis and Richard Prince",
    year = "2015",
    month = "5",
    doi = "10.3945/ajcn.113.073106",
    language = "English",
    volume = "101",
    pages = "1012--1020",
    journal = "The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition",
    issn = "0002-9165",
    publisher = "American Society for Nutrition",
    number = "5",

    }

    Flavonoid intake and all-cause mortality. / Ivey, Kerry; Hodgson, Jonathan; Croft, Kevin; Lewis, Joshua; Prince, Richard.

    In: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 101, No. 5, 05.2015, p. 1012-1020.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Flavonoid intake and all-cause mortality

    AU - Ivey, Kerry

    AU - Hodgson, Jonathan

    AU - Croft, Kevin

    AU - Lewis, Joshua

    AU - Prince, Richard

    PY - 2015/5

    Y1 - 2015/5

    N2 - Background: Flavonoids are bioactive compounds found in foods such as tea, chocolate, red wine, fruit, and vegetables. Higher intakes of specific flavonoids and flavonoid-rich foods have been linked to reduced mortality from specific vascular diseases and cancers. However, the importance of flavonoids in preventing all-cause mortality remains uncertain. Objective: The objective was to explore the association between flavonoid intake and risk of 5-y mortality from all causes by using 2 comprehensive food composition databases to assess flavonoid intake. Design: The study population included 1063 randomly selected women aged ≤75 y. All-cause, cancer, and cardiovascular mortalities were assessed over 5 y of follow-up through the Western Australia Data Linkage System. Two estimates of flavonoid intake (total flavonoidUSDA and total flavonoidPE) were determined by using food composition data from the USDA and the Phenol-Explorer (PE) databases, respectively. Results: During the 5-y follow-up period, 129 (12%) deaths were documented. Participants with high total flavonoid intake were at lower risk [multivariate-adjusted HR (95% CI)] of 5-y all-cause mortality than those with low total flavonoid consumption [total flavonoidUSDA: 0.37 (0.22, 0.58); total flavonoidPE: 0.36 (0.22, 0.60)]. Similar beneficial relations were observed for both cardiovascular disease mortality [total flavonoidUSDA: 0.34 (0.17, 0.69); flavonoidPE: 0.32 (0.16, 0.61)] and cancer mortality [total flavonoidUSDA: 0.25 (0.10, 0.62); flavonoidPE: 0.26 (0.11, 0.62)]. Conclusions: Using the most comprehensive flavonoid databases, we provide evidence that high consumption of flavonoids is associated with reduced risk of mortality in older women. The benefits of flavonoids may extend to the etiology of cancer and cardiovascular disease. © 2015 American Society for Nutrition.

    AB - Background: Flavonoids are bioactive compounds found in foods such as tea, chocolate, red wine, fruit, and vegetables. Higher intakes of specific flavonoids and flavonoid-rich foods have been linked to reduced mortality from specific vascular diseases and cancers. However, the importance of flavonoids in preventing all-cause mortality remains uncertain. Objective: The objective was to explore the association between flavonoid intake and risk of 5-y mortality from all causes by using 2 comprehensive food composition databases to assess flavonoid intake. Design: The study population included 1063 randomly selected women aged ≤75 y. All-cause, cancer, and cardiovascular mortalities were assessed over 5 y of follow-up through the Western Australia Data Linkage System. Two estimates of flavonoid intake (total flavonoidUSDA and total flavonoidPE) were determined by using food composition data from the USDA and the Phenol-Explorer (PE) databases, respectively. Results: During the 5-y follow-up period, 129 (12%) deaths were documented. Participants with high total flavonoid intake were at lower risk [multivariate-adjusted HR (95% CI)] of 5-y all-cause mortality than those with low total flavonoid consumption [total flavonoidUSDA: 0.37 (0.22, 0.58); total flavonoidPE: 0.36 (0.22, 0.60)]. Similar beneficial relations were observed for both cardiovascular disease mortality [total flavonoidUSDA: 0.34 (0.17, 0.69); flavonoidPE: 0.32 (0.16, 0.61)] and cancer mortality [total flavonoidUSDA: 0.25 (0.10, 0.62); flavonoidPE: 0.26 (0.11, 0.62)]. Conclusions: Using the most comprehensive flavonoid databases, we provide evidence that high consumption of flavonoids is associated with reduced risk of mortality in older women. The benefits of flavonoids may extend to the etiology of cancer and cardiovascular disease. © 2015 American Society for Nutrition.

    U2 - 10.3945/ajcn.113.073106

    DO - 10.3945/ajcn.113.073106

    M3 - Article

    VL - 101

    SP - 1012

    EP - 1020

    JO - The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

    JF - The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

    SN - 0002-9165

    IS - 5

    ER -