First light results from the High Efficiency and Resolution Multi-Element Spectrograph at the Anglo-Australian Telescope

Andrew Sheinis, Borja Anguiano, Martin Asplund, Carlos Bacigalupo, Sam Barden, Michael Birchall, Joss Bland-Hawthorn, Jurek Brzeski, Russell Cannon, Daniela Carollo, Scott Case, Andrew R. Casey, Vladimir Churilov, Couch Warrick, Robert Dean, Gayandhi M. De Silva, Valentina D'Orazi, Ly Duong, Tony Farrell, Kristin FiegertKenneth Freeman, Frost Gabriella, Luke Gers, Michael Goodwin, Doug Gray, Andrew Green, Ron Heald, Jeroen Heijmans, Michael Ireland, Damien Jones, Prajwal Kafle, Stefan Keller, Urs Klauser, Yuriy Kondrat, Janez Kos, Jon S. Lawrence, Steve Lee, Slavko Mali, Sarah L. Martell, Darren Mathews, Don Mayfield, Stan Miziarski, Rolf Muller, Naveen Pai, Robert Patterson, Ed Penny, David Orr, Katharine J. Schlesinger, Sanjib Sharma, Keith Shortridge, Jeffrey D. Simpson, Scott Smedley, Greg Smith, Darren Stafford, Nicholas Staszak, Minh Vuong, Lewis Waller, Elizabeth Wylie de Boer, Pascal Xavier, Jessica Zheng, Ross Zhelem, Daniel Zucker, Tomaz Zwitter

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Abstract

The High Efficiency and Resolution Multi Element Spectrograph, HERMES, is a facility-class optical spectrograph for the Anglo-Australian Telescope (AAT). It is designed primarily for Galactic Archaeology, the first major attempt to create a detailed understanding of galaxy formation and evolution by studying the history of our own galaxy, the Milky Way. The goal of the GALAH survey is to reconstruct the mass assembly history of the Milky Way through a detailed chemical abundance study of one million stars. The spectrograph is based at the AAT and is fed by the existing 2dF robotic fiber positioning system. The spectrograph uses volume phase holographic gratings to achieve a spectral resolving power of 28,000 in standard mode and also provides a high-resolution mode ranging between 40,000 and 50,000 using a slit mask. The GALAH survey requires an SNR greater than 100 for a star brightness of V=14 in an exposure time of one hour. The total spectral coverage of the four channels is about 100 nm between 370 and 1000 nm for up to 392 simultaneous targets within the 2-degree field of view. HERMES has been commissioned over three runs, during bright time in October, November, and December 2013, in parallel with the beginning of the GALAH pilot survey, which started in November 2013. We present the first-light results from the commissioning run and the beginning of the GALAH survey, including performance results such as throughput and resolution, as well as instrument reliability.
Original languageEnglish
Article number35002
JournalJournal of Astronomical Telescopes, Instruments, and Systems
Volume1
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2015

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