First all-sky upper limits from LIGO on the strength of periodic gravitational waves using the Hough transform

B. Abbott, R. Adhikari, A. Ageev, J. Agresti, B. Allen, R. Amin, S.B. Anderson, M. Araya, H. Armandula, M. Ashley, F. Asiri, P. Aufmuth, C. Aulbert, S. Babak, R. Balasubramanian, S. Ballmer, B.C. Barish, C. Barker, M. Barnes, B. BarrM.A. Barton, K. Bayer, R. Beausoleil, K. Belczynski, R. Bennett, S.J. Berukoff, J. Betzwieser, B. Bhawal, I.A. Bilenko, G. Billingsley, E. Black, K. Blackburn, B. Bland, B. Bochner, L. Bogue, R. Bork, S. Bose, P.R. Brady, V.B. Braginsky, J.E. Brau, D.A. Brown, A. Bullington, A. Bunkowski, A. Buonanno, R. Burgess, D. Busby, W.E. Butler, R.L. Byer, L. Cadonati, G. Cagnoli, J.B. Camp, J. Cannizzo, K. Cannon, C.A. Cantley, L. Cardenas, K. Carter, M.M. Casey, J. Castiglione, A. Chandler, J. Chapsky, P. Charlton, S. Chatterji, S. Chelkowski, Y. Chen, V. Chickarmane, D. Chin, N. Christensen, D. Churches, T. Cokelaer, C. Colacino, R. Coldwell, M. Coles, D. Cook, T. Corbitt, D. Coyne, J.D.E. Creighton, D.R.M. Crooks, P. Csatorday, B.J. Cusack, C. Cutler, J. Dalrymple, E. D'Ambrosio, K. Danzmann, G. Davies, E. Daw, D. Debra, T. Delker, V. Dergachev, S. Desai, R. Desalvo, S. Dhurandhar, A.D. Credico, M. Di¿½az, H. Ding, R.W.P. Drever, R.J. Dupuis, J.A. Edlund, P. Ehrens, E.J. Elliffe, T. Etzel, M. Evans, S. Fairhurst, C. Fallnich, D. Farnham, M.M. Fejer, T. Findley, M. Fine, L.S. Finn, K.Y. Franzen, A. Freise, R. Frey, P. Fritschel, V.V. Frolov, M. Fyffe, K.S. Ganezer, J. Garofoli, J.A. Giaime, A. Gillespie, K. Goda, L. Goggin, G. Gonzi¿½lez, S. Goi¿½ler, P. Grandcli¿½ment, A. Grant, C. Gray, A.M. Gretarsson, D. Grimmett, H. Grote, S. Grunewald, M. Guenther, E. Gustafson, W.O. Hamilton, M. Hammond, J. Hanson, C. Hardham, J. Harms, G. Harry, A. Hartunian, J. Heefner, Y. Hefetz, G. Heinzel, I.S. Heng, M. Hennessy, N. Hepler, A. Heptonstall, M. Heurs, M. Hewitson, S. Hild, N. Hindman, P. Hoang, J. Hough, M. Hrynevych, W. Hua, M. Ito, Y. Itoh, A. Ivanov, O. Jennrich, B. Johnson, W.R. Johnston, D.I. Jones, D. Jungwirth, V. Kalogera, E. Katsavounidis, K. Kawabe, S. Kawamura, W. Kells, J. Kern, A. Khan, S. Killbourn, C.J. Killow, C. Kim, C. King, S. Klimenko, S. Koranda, K. Ki¿½tter, J. Kovalik, D. Kozak, B. Krishnan, M. Landry, J. Langdale, B. Lantz, R. Lawrence, A. Lazzarini, M. Lei, I. Leonor, K. Libbrecht, A. Libson, P. Lindquist, S. Liu, J. Logan, M. Lormand, M. Lubinski, H. Li¿½ck, M. Luna, T.T. Lyons, B. Machenschalk, M. Macinnis, M. Mageswaran, K. Mailand, W. Majid, M. Malec, V. Mandic, F. Mann, A. Marin, S. Mi¿½rka, E. Maros, J. Mason, O. Matherny, L. Matone, N. Mavalvala, R. Mccarthy, D.E. Mcclelland, M. Mchugh, J.W.C. Mcnabb, A. Melissinos, G. Mendell, R.A. Mercer, S. Meshkov, E. Messaritaki, C. Messenger, E. Mikhailov, S. Mitra, V.P. Mitrofanov, G. Mitselmakher, R. Mittleman, O. Miyakawa, S. Miyoki, S. Mohanty, G. Moreno, K. Mossavi, G. Mueller, S. Mukherjee, P. Murray, E. Myers, S. Nagano, T. Nash, R. Nayak, G. Newton, F. Nocera, J.S. Noel, P. Nutzman, T. Olson, B. O'Reilly, D.J. Ottaway, A. Ottewill, D. Ouimette, H. Overmier, B.J. Owen, Y. Pan, M.A. Papa, V. Parameshwaraiah, A. Parameswaran, C. Parameswariah, M. Pedraza, S. Penn, M. Pitkin, M. Plissi, R. Prix, V. Quetschke, F. Raab, H. Radkins, R. Rahkola, M. Rakhmanov, S.R. Rao, K. Rawlins, S. Ray-Majumder, V. Re, D. Redding, M.W. Regehr, T. Regimbau, S. Reid, K.T. Reilly, K. Reithmaier, D.H. Reitze, S. Richman, R. Riesen, K. Riles, B. Rivera, A. Rizzi, D.I. Robertson, C. Robinson, L. Robison, S. Roddy, A. Rodriguez, J. Rollins, J.D. Romano, J. Romie, H. Rong, D. Rose, E. Rotthoff, S. Rowan, A. Ri¿½diger, L. Ruet, P. Russell, K. Ryan, I. Salzman, V. Sandberg, G.H. Sanders, V. Sannibale, P. Sarin, B. Sathyaprakash, P.R. Saulson, R. Savage, A. Sazonov, R. Schilling, K. Schlaufman, V. Schmidt, R. Schnabel, R. Schofield, B.F. Schutz, P. Schwinberg, S.M. Scott, S.E. Seader, A.C. Searle, B. Sears, S. Seel, F. Seifert, D. Sellers, A.S. Sengupta, C.A. Shapiro, P. Shawhan, D.H. Shoemaker, Q.Z. Shu, A. Sibley, X. Siemens, L. Sievers, D. Sigg, A.M. Sintes, J.R. Smith, P.H. Sneddon, R. Spero, O. Spjeld, G. Stapfer, D. Steussy, K.A. Strain, D. Strom, A. Stuver, T. Summerscales, M.C. Sumner, M. Sung, P.J. Sutton, J. Sylvestre, A. Takamori, D.B. Tanner, H. Tariq, I. Taylor, K.A. Thorne, M. Tibbits, S. Tilav, M. Tinto, K.V. Tokmakov, C. Torres, C. Torrie, G. Traylor, W. Tyler, D. Ugolini, C. Ungarelli, M. Vallisneri, M. Van Putten, S. Vass, A. Vecchio, J. Veitch, C. Vorvick, S.P. Vyachanin, L. Wallace, H. Walther, H. Ward, B. Ware, K. Watts, D. Webber, A. Weidner, U. Weiland, A. Weinstein, R. Weiss, H. Welling, Linqing Wen, K. Wette, J.T. Whelan, S.E. Whitcomb, B.F. Whiting, S. Wiley, C. Wilkinson, P.A. Willems, P.R. Williams, B. Willke, A. Wilson, B.J. Winjum, W. Winkler, S. Wise, A.G. Wiseman, G. Woan, D. Woods, R. Wooley, J. Worden, W. Wu, I. Yakushin, H. Yamamoto, S. Yoshida, K.D. Zaleski, M. Zanolin, I. Zawischa, L. Zhang, R. Zhu, N. Zotov, M. Zucker, J. Zweizig

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    81 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    We perform a wide parameter-space search for continuous gravitational waves over the whole sky and over a large range of values of the frequency and the first spin-down parameter. Our search method is based on the Hough transform, which is a semicoherent, computationally efficient, and robust pattern recognition technique. We apply this technique to data from the second science run of the LIGO detectors and our final results are all-sky upper limits on the strength of gravitational waves emitted by unknown isolated spinning neutron stars on a set of narrow frequency bands in the range 200–400   Hz. The best upper limit on the gravitational-wave strain amplitude that we obtain in this frequency range is 4.43×10-23.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)online - approx 5-20pp
    JournalPhysical Review D
    Volume72
    Issue number10
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2005

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