Financial toxicity of informal caregivers of colorectal cancer patients: A cross-sectional study

Menghan Zhang, Xiaokai Wang, Mengwei Shao, Ting Li, Shengjie Guo, Yi Yang, Lulu Yu, Ma Bin, Dunhui Li, Huiyue Zhou, Liqun Yao, Changying Chen, Tao Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To assess the level of financial toxicity of informal caregivers of colorectal cancer patients and explore the related key influencing factors. Method: A descriptive survey design was used in this study. Data were collected from 236 informal caregivers of colorectal cancer patients between March 2023 and July 2023 from a major hospital in central China (Henan province). Potential influence factors of financial toxicity, including basic information, perceived stress, and social support were analyzed using multivariate linear regression. Results: The financial toxicity score of 236 caregivers of colorectal cancer patients was 19.42 ± 9.72. One hundred and fourteen caregivers (accounting for 48.31%) of colorectal cancer patients had high levels of financial toxicity. Financial toxicity scores of caregivers were negatively correlated with perceived stress (r = −0.421, P < 0.001) and positively correlated with social support (r = 0.416, P < 0.001). Our multivariate regression analysis identified some factors that directly affected caregivers’ financial toxicity, including caregiver age (t = 2.105, P = 0.036), medical insurance (t = 2.462, P = 0.015), average household income (t = 2.995, P = 0.003), place of residence (t = 2.872, P = 0.004), perceived stress (t = −4.945, P < 0.001), and social support (t = 4.513, P < 0.001). Conclusions: Caregivers of colorectal cancer patients generally experience a higher level of financial toxicity, which could be eased by lower perceived stress and higher social support. In clinical practice, it is necessary to comprehensively assess the level of financial toxicity of particular caregivers and enact targeted interventions such as increasing communication and actively providing information to address the high medical costs, reducing the detrimental effects of financial toxicity, and improving the quality of colorectal cancer care.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102519
JournalEuropean Journal of Oncology Nursing
Volume69
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2024

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