Field Data and Design Methods for Spudcan Squeezing in Weak-Over-Strong Soil Stratigraphy

Muhammad Shazzad Hossain, Youngho Kim, David Menzies, Bruce Ahrendsen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper for the first time, to the best of our knowledge, reports 10 case histories of jack-up rig installation in different locations of the Gulf of Mexico consisting of seabed soil stratigraphy with weak surface (soft) clay over strong (stiff) clay or sand underlying layers. For each case, site investigation data are analyzed, leading to the selection of design undrained shear strength profile for the clay layers and relative density for the sand layers. A statistical averaging method recommended in the InSafeJIP guidelines (adopted in ISO 19905-1) is used to obtain the best fit of the undrained shear strength profile in the clay layers. The spudcan shape and dimensions and load-penetration profiles are presented. Measured load-penetration profiles are compared with the calculated profiles using the squeezing methods presented in ISO 19905-1, Clarom, and recently published papers. Large deformation finite element analyses were conducted for some sites to provide supporting insight into the penetration resistance profiles and potentially mobilized squeezing mechanisms. The lessons learned are noted, which will provide valuable insights for practitioners for estimating the behavior of jack-up installations in seabed soil consisting of surface weak-over-underlying strong soil stratigraphy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number04023091
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2023


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