Fiber-reinforced lightweight self-compacting concrete incorporating scoria aggregates at elevated temperatures

Farhad Aslani, Junbo Sun, Daniel Bromley, Guowei Ma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


Self-compacting concrete (SCC) has developed rapidly in modern concrete structures to accommodate the need of high deformability and considerable resistance to segregation. The lightweight aggregate called scoria is also utilized to manufacture lightweight self-compacting concrete (LWSCC) to improve the strength-to-weight ratio with considerable cost beneficial. Meanwhile, the LWSCC employs fibers (polypropylene [PP] and steel) equipping different replacement ratios of traditional aggregates, the SCC will be invented to reveal balanced fresh property, spalling behavior, mechanical performance especially at elevated temperatures. In this study, eight LWSCC mix designs were explored with varying fiber ratios by volume of PP fiber (0.1, 0.15, 0.20, and 0.25%) and steel fiber (0.25, 0.5, 0.75, and 1.0%). The effects of different fiber types and ratios are tested with fresh properties (slump flow and J-ring), hardened mechanical performance (compressive and tensile strength at 20°C) and high temperature resistance (compressive and tensile strength, mass loss and spalling) after 28-day curing at 100, 300, 600, and 900°C. The 0.25% optimum fiber ratio for PP fiber mix and 0.75% for steel fiber mix are determined with balanced fresh properties as well as high-temperature resistance for the hardened properties.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1022-1035
Number of pages14
JournalStructural Concrete
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2019


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