(Ferrocenylthienyl)phosphines of type 2-PR2-5-Fc-(C4H2S)-C-c (R = Ph (3a), Bu-t (3b)) and 2-PR2-3,4-Fc(2)-(C4HS)-C-c (R = Ph (4a), Bu-t (4b); Fc = Fe(eta(5)-C5H4)(eta(5)-C5H5)) and their selenium derivatives were synthesized by consecutive synthetic methodologies. The molecular structure of 3a and 4a, b in the solid state show inter-and intramolecular (T-shaped) pep interactions for 3a and 4a, resulting in dimeric and 1D polymeric structures.
Phosphines 3a, b and 4a, b were applied in the Pd-catalyzed Suzuki-Miyaura C,C cross coupling reaction of aryl halides and boronic acids yielding the respective biaryls. Compound 3b shows a higher activity in C, C cross coupling reactions as compared to 3a and previously published thiophene-based phosphines and aminophosphines. Moreover sterically hindered and deactivated aryl bromides could be coupled at Pd loadings as low as 0.05 mol-% and at temperatures between 25 degrees C and 50 degrees C. However, the application of diferrocenylthienylphosphines 4a, b in Suzuki-Miyaura reactions resulted in decreased yields of the corresponding biaryls.
In the context of electrochemical investigations on these compounds, a strong dependency of the individual electrode reactions on the phosphorus substituents were found. During UV-Vis/NIR spectroelectrochemical studies, only a very limited iron-iron electronic interaction in 4a-Se+ could be detected. Thus, 4a-Se+ corresponds to a very weak coupled class II system according to the classification of Robin and Day. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.