Features of public open spaces and physical activity among children: Findings from the CLAN study

A. Timperio, Billie Giles-Corti, D. Crawford, N. Andrianopoulos, K. Ball, J. Salmon, C. Hume

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Abstract

Objective: To examine associations between features of public open spaces, and children's physical activity. Participants: 163 children aged 8–9 years and 334 adolescents aged 13–15 years from Melbourne, Australia participated in 2004. Methods: A Geographic Information System was used to identify all public open spaces (POS) within 800 m of participants' homes and their closest POS. The features of all POS identified were audited in 2004/5. Accelerometers measured moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) after school and on weekends. Linear regression analyses examined associations between features of the closest POS and participants' MVPA. Results: Most participants had a POS within 800 m of their home. The presence of playgrounds was positively associated with younger boys' weekend MVPA (B = 24.9 min/day; p ≤ 0.05), and lighting along paths was inversely associated with weekend MVPA (B = − 54.9 min/day; p ≤ 0.05). The number of recreational facilities was inversely associated with younger girls' MVPA after school (B = − 2.6 min/day; p ≤ 0.05) and on the weekend (B = − 8.7 min/day; p ≤ 0.05). The presence of trees providing shade (5.8 min/day, p ≤ 0.01) and signage regarding dogs (B = 6.8 min/day, p ≤ 0.05) were positively associated with adolescent girls' MVPA after school. Conclusion: Certain features of POS were associated with participants' MVPA, although mixed associations were evident. Further research is required to clarify these complex relationships.
LanguageEnglish
Pages514-518
JournalPreventive Medicine
Volume47
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2008

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Timperio, A., Giles-Corti, B., Crawford, D., Andrianopoulos, N., Ball, K., Salmon, J., & Hume, C. (2008). Features of public open spaces and physical activity among children: Findings from the CLAN study. Preventive Medicine, 47(5), 514-518. DOI: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2008.07.015
Timperio, A. ; Giles-Corti, Billie ; Crawford, D. ; Andrianopoulos, N. ; Ball, K. ; Salmon, J. ; Hume, C./ Features of public open spaces and physical activity among children: Findings from the CLAN study. In: Preventive Medicine. 2008 ; Vol. 47, No. 5. pp. 514-518
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Timperio, A, Giles-Corti, B, Crawford, D, Andrianopoulos, N, Ball, K, Salmon, J & Hume, C 2008, 'Features of public open spaces and physical activity among children: Findings from the CLAN study' Preventive Medicine, vol 47, no. 5, pp. 514-518. DOI: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2008.07.015

Features of public open spaces and physical activity among children: Findings from the CLAN study. / Timperio, A.; Giles-Corti, Billie; Crawford, D.; Andrianopoulos, N.; Ball, K.; Salmon, J.; Hume, C.

In: Preventive Medicine, Vol. 47, No. 5, 2008, p. 514-518.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Salmon,J.

AU - Hume,C.

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N2 - Objective: To examine associations between features of public open spaces, and children's physical activity. Participants: 163 children aged 8–9 years and 334 adolescents aged 13–15 years from Melbourne, Australia participated in 2004. Methods: A Geographic Information System was used to identify all public open spaces (POS) within 800 m of participants' homes and their closest POS. The features of all POS identified were audited in 2004/5. Accelerometers measured moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) after school and on weekends. Linear regression analyses examined associations between features of the closest POS and participants' MVPA. Results: Most participants had a POS within 800 m of their home. The presence of playgrounds was positively associated with younger boys' weekend MVPA (B = 24.9 min/day; p ≤ 0.05), and lighting along paths was inversely associated with weekend MVPA (B = − 54.9 min/day; p ≤ 0.05). The number of recreational facilities was inversely associated with younger girls' MVPA after school (B = − 2.6 min/day; p ≤ 0.05) and on the weekend (B = − 8.7 min/day; p ≤ 0.05). The presence of trees providing shade (5.8 min/day, p ≤ 0.01) and signage regarding dogs (B = 6.8 min/day, p ≤ 0.05) were positively associated with adolescent girls' MVPA after school. Conclusion: Certain features of POS were associated with participants' MVPA, although mixed associations were evident. Further research is required to clarify these complex relationships.

AB - Objective: To examine associations between features of public open spaces, and children's physical activity. Participants: 163 children aged 8–9 years and 334 adolescents aged 13–15 years from Melbourne, Australia participated in 2004. Methods: A Geographic Information System was used to identify all public open spaces (POS) within 800 m of participants' homes and their closest POS. The features of all POS identified were audited in 2004/5. Accelerometers measured moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) after school and on weekends. Linear regression analyses examined associations between features of the closest POS and participants' MVPA. Results: Most participants had a POS within 800 m of their home. The presence of playgrounds was positively associated with younger boys' weekend MVPA (B = 24.9 min/day; p ≤ 0.05), and lighting along paths was inversely associated with weekend MVPA (B = − 54.9 min/day; p ≤ 0.05). The number of recreational facilities was inversely associated with younger girls' MVPA after school (B = − 2.6 min/day; p ≤ 0.05) and on the weekend (B = − 8.7 min/day; p ≤ 0.05). The presence of trees providing shade (5.8 min/day, p ≤ 0.01) and signage regarding dogs (B = 6.8 min/day, p ≤ 0.05) were positively associated with adolescent girls' MVPA after school. Conclusion: Certain features of POS were associated with participants' MVPA, although mixed associations were evident. Further research is required to clarify these complex relationships.

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Timperio A, Giles-Corti B, Crawford D, Andrianopoulos N, Ball K, Salmon J et al. Features of public open spaces and physical activity among children: Findings from the CLAN study. Preventive Medicine. 2008;47(5):514-518. Available from, DOI: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2008.07.015