Feasibility of deep learning-based polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography angiography for imaging cutaneous microvasculature

Moning Pan, Yuxing Wang, Peijun Gong, Qiang Wang, Barry Cense

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT) measures the polarization states of the backscattered light from tissue that can improve angiography based on conventional optical coherence tomography (OCT). We present a feasibility study on PS-OCT integrated with deep learning for PS-OCT angiography (PS-OCTA) imaging of human cutaneous microvasculature. Two neural networks were assessed for PS-OCTA, including the residual dense network (RDN), which previously showed superior performance for angiography with conventional OCT and the upgraded grouped RDN (GRDN). We also investigated different protocols to process the multiple signal channels provided by the Jones matrices from the PS-OCT system to achieve optimal PS-OCTA performance. The training and testing of the deep learning-based PS-OCTA were performed using PS-OCT scans collected from 18 skin locations comprising 16,600 B-scan pairs. The results demonstrated a moderately improved performance of GRDN over RDN, and of the use of the combined signal from the Jones matrix elements over the separate use of the elements, as well as a similar image quality to that provided by speckle decorrelation angiography. GRDN-based PS-OCTA also showed ∼2-3 times faster processing and improved mitigation of tissue motion as compared to speckle decorrelation angiography, and enabled fully automatic processing. Deep learning-based PS-OCTA can be used for imaging cutaneous microvasculature, which may enable easy adoption of PS-OCTA for preclinical and clinical applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3856-3870
Number of pages15
JournalBiomedical Optics Express
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2023

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