Feasibility of assessing diet with a mobile food record for adolescents and young adults with Down syndrome

Katherine E. Bathgate, Jill L. Sherriff, Helen Leonard, Satvinder S. Dhaliwal, Edward J. Delp, Carol J. Boushey, Deborah A. Kerr

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Abstract

Technology-based methods for assessing diet in those with disability remains largely unexplored. The aim was to assess the feasibility of assessing diet with an image-based mobile food record application (mFR) in 51 adolescents and young adults with Down syndrome (PANDs). Adherence was also assessed with the instruction to include a fiducial marker object in the before and after eating images. The PANDs sample completed a four-day mFR and results were compared with a sample of young adults from the Connecting Health and Technology study (CHAT, n = 244). Compared to the CHAT sample, PANDs participants reported more fruit (2.2 ± 1.8 versus 1.0 ± 0.9 serves respectively) and vegetables (2.4 ± 1.3 versus 1.9 ± 1.0 serves, respectively), but no differences in energy-dense nutrient-poor (EDNP) foods and beverages were observed. Compared to CHAT, PANDs participants captured fewer images with the mFR (4.9 ± 2.3 versus 4.0 ± 1.5 images, respectively). Adherence to the instruction to include the fiducial marker in images was lower for PANDs compared with the CHAT sample (90.3% versus 96.5%). Due to the quality of information captured in images and the high acceptability of the fiducial marker, the mFR shows great promise as a feasible method of assessing diet in adolescents and young adults with Down syndrome.

Original languageEnglish
Article number273
JournalNutrients
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Mar 2017

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    Bathgate, K. E., Sherriff, J. L., Leonard, H., Dhaliwal, S. S., Delp, E. J., Boushey, C. J., & Kerr, D. A. (2017). Feasibility of assessing diet with a mobile food record for adolescents and young adults with Down syndrome. Nutrients, 9(3), [273]. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu9030273