Fate of N-nitrosomorpholine in an anaerobic aquifer used for managed aquifer recharge: A column study

M.M. Pitoi, Bradley Patterson, A.J. Furness, T.P. Bastow, Allan Mckinley

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14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The fate of N-nitrosomorpholine (NMOR) was evaluated at microgram and nanogram per litre concentrations. Experiments were undertaken to simulate the passage of groundwater contaminants through a deep anaerobic pyritic aquifer system, as part of a managed aquifer recharge (MAR) strategy. Sorption studies demonstrated the high mobility of NMOR in the Leederville aquifer system, with retardation coefficients between 1.2 and 1.6. Degradation studies from a 351 day column experiment and a 506 day stop-flow column experiment showed an anaerobic biologically induced reductive degradation process which followed first order kinetics. A biological lag-time of less than 3 months and a transient accumulation of morpholine (MOR) were also noted during the degradation. Comparable half-life degradation rates of 40-45 days were observed over three orders of magnitude in concentration (200 ng L-1 to 650 mu g L-1). An inhibitory effect on microorganism responsible to the biodegradation of NMOR at 650 mu g L-1 or a threshold effect at 200 ng L-1 was not observed during these experiments. Crown Copyright (C) 2011 Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2550-2560
JournalWater Research
Volume45
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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