Fate of multipotent neural precursor cells transplanted into mouse retina selectively depleted of retinal ganglion cells

C.B. Mellough, Q. Cui, K.L. Spalding, N.A. Symons, Margaret Pollett, E.Y. Snyder, J.D. Macklis, Alan Harvey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

In some parts of the CNS, depletion of a particular class of neuron might induce changes in the microenvironment that influence the differentiation of newly grafted neural precursor cells. This hypothesis was tested in the retina by inducing apoptotic retinal ganglion cell (RGC) death in neonatal and adult female mice and examining whether intravitreally grafted mate neural precursor cells (C17.2), a neural stem cell (NSC)-like clonal line, become incorporated into these selectively depleted retinae. In neonates, rapid RGC death was induced by removal of the contralateral superior colliculus (SC), in adults, delayed RGC death was induced by unilateral optic nerve (ON) transection. Cells were injected intravitreally 6-48 h after SC ablation (neonates) or 0-7 days after ON injury (adults). Cells were also injected into non-RGC depleted neonatal and adult retinae. At 4 or 8 weeks, transplanted cells were identified using a Y-chromosome marker and in situ hybridisation or by their expression of the lacZ reporter gene product Escherichia coli beta-galactosidase (beta-gal). No C17.2 cells were identified in axotomised adult-injected eyes undergoing delayed RGC apoptosis (n = 16). Donor cells were however stably integrated within the retina in 29% (15/55) of mice that received C17.2 cell injections 24 h after neonatal SC ablation; 6-31% of surviving cells were found in the RGC layer (GCL). These NSC-like cells were also present in intact retinae, but on average, there were fewer cells in GCL. In SC-ablated mice, most grafted cells did not express retinal-specific markers, although occasional donor cells in the GCL were immunopositive for beta-III tubulin, a protein highly expressed by, but not specific to, developing RGCs. Targeted rapid RGC depletion thus increased cell incorporation into the GCL, but grafted C17.2 cells did not appear to differentiate into an RGC phenotype. (C) 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6-19
JournalExperimental Neurology
Volume186
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004

Fingerprint

Retinal Ganglion Cells
Retina
Superior Colliculi
Optic Nerve Injuries
Cell Death
Neural Stem Cells
Lac Operon
Y Chromosome
Tubulin
beta-Galactosidase
Genetic Markers
Reporter Genes
Ganglia

Cite this

Mellough, C.B. ; Cui, Q. ; Spalding, K.L. ; Symons, N.A. ; Pollett, Margaret ; Snyder, E.Y. ; Macklis, J.D. ; Harvey, Alan. / Fate of multipotent neural precursor cells transplanted into mouse retina selectively depleted of retinal ganglion cells. In: Experimental Neurology. 2004 ; Vol. 186, No. 1. pp. 6-19.
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abstract = "In some parts of the CNS, depletion of a particular class of neuron might induce changes in the microenvironment that influence the differentiation of newly grafted neural precursor cells. This hypothesis was tested in the retina by inducing apoptotic retinal ganglion cell (RGC) death in neonatal and adult female mice and examining whether intravitreally grafted mate neural precursor cells (C17.2), a neural stem cell (NSC)-like clonal line, become incorporated into these selectively depleted retinae. In neonates, rapid RGC death was induced by removal of the contralateral superior colliculus (SC), in adults, delayed RGC death was induced by unilateral optic nerve (ON) transection. Cells were injected intravitreally 6-48 h after SC ablation (neonates) or 0-7 days after ON injury (adults). Cells were also injected into non-RGC depleted neonatal and adult retinae. At 4 or 8 weeks, transplanted cells were identified using a Y-chromosome marker and in situ hybridisation or by their expression of the lacZ reporter gene product Escherichia coli beta-galactosidase (beta-gal). No C17.2 cells were identified in axotomised adult-injected eyes undergoing delayed RGC apoptosis (n = 16). Donor cells were however stably integrated within the retina in 29{\%} (15/55) of mice that received C17.2 cell injections 24 h after neonatal SC ablation; 6-31{\%} of surviving cells were found in the RGC layer (GCL). These NSC-like cells were also present in intact retinae, but on average, there were fewer cells in GCL. In SC-ablated mice, most grafted cells did not express retinal-specific markers, although occasional donor cells in the GCL were immunopositive for beta-III tubulin, a protein highly expressed by, but not specific to, developing RGCs. Targeted rapid RGC depletion thus increased cell incorporation into the GCL, but grafted C17.2 cells did not appear to differentiate into an RGC phenotype. (C) 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.",
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Fate of multipotent neural precursor cells transplanted into mouse retina selectively depleted of retinal ganglion cells. / Mellough, C.B.; Cui, Q.; Spalding, K.L.; Symons, N.A.; Pollett, Margaret; Snyder, E.Y.; Macklis, J.D.; Harvey, Alan.

In: Experimental Neurology, Vol. 186, No. 1, 2004, p. 6-19.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Cui, Q.

AU - Spalding, K.L.

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AB - In some parts of the CNS, depletion of a particular class of neuron might induce changes in the microenvironment that influence the differentiation of newly grafted neural precursor cells. This hypothesis was tested in the retina by inducing apoptotic retinal ganglion cell (RGC) death in neonatal and adult female mice and examining whether intravitreally grafted mate neural precursor cells (C17.2), a neural stem cell (NSC)-like clonal line, become incorporated into these selectively depleted retinae. In neonates, rapid RGC death was induced by removal of the contralateral superior colliculus (SC), in adults, delayed RGC death was induced by unilateral optic nerve (ON) transection. Cells were injected intravitreally 6-48 h after SC ablation (neonates) or 0-7 days after ON injury (adults). Cells were also injected into non-RGC depleted neonatal and adult retinae. At 4 or 8 weeks, transplanted cells were identified using a Y-chromosome marker and in situ hybridisation or by their expression of the lacZ reporter gene product Escherichia coli beta-galactosidase (beta-gal). No C17.2 cells were identified in axotomised adult-injected eyes undergoing delayed RGC apoptosis (n = 16). Donor cells were however stably integrated within the retina in 29% (15/55) of mice that received C17.2 cell injections 24 h after neonatal SC ablation; 6-31% of surviving cells were found in the RGC layer (GCL). These NSC-like cells were also present in intact retinae, but on average, there were fewer cells in GCL. In SC-ablated mice, most grafted cells did not express retinal-specific markers, although occasional donor cells in the GCL were immunopositive for beta-III tubulin, a protein highly expressed by, but not specific to, developing RGCs. Targeted rapid RGC depletion thus increased cell incorporation into the GCL, but grafted C17.2 cells did not appear to differentiate into an RGC phenotype. (C) 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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