Family-based association of HLA-DRB1 and DQB1 alleles and haplotypes in a group of Iranian Type 1 diabetes children

Ata Shirizadeh, Zahra Razavi, Vahid Saeedi, Javad Faradmal, Ghodratollah Roshanaei, Mehrdad Hajilooi, Grant Morahan, Ghasem Solgi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This family-based study was conducted in a group of Iranians with Type 1 diabetes (T1D) to investigate the transmission from parents of risk and non-risk HLA alleles and haplotypes, and to estimate the genetic risk score for this disease within this population. A total of 240 T1D subjects including 111 parent–child trios (111 children with T1D, 133 siblings, and 222 parents) and 330 ethnically matched healthy individuals were recruited. High-resolution HLA typing for DRB1/DQB1 loci was performed for all study subjects (n = 925) using polymerase chain reaction–sequence-specific oligonucleotide probe method. The highest predisposing effect on developing T1D was conferred by the following haplotypes both in all subjects and in probands compared to controls: DRB1*04:05–DQB1*03:02 (Pc = 2.97e-06 and Pc = 6.04e-10, respectively), DRB1*04:02–DQB1*03:02 (Pc = 5.94e-17 and Pc = 3.86e-09, respectively), and DRB1*03:01–DQB1*02:01 (Pc = 8.26e-29 and Pc = 6.56e-16, respectively). Conversely, the major protective haplotypes included DRB1*13:01–DQB1*06:03 (Pc = 6.99e-08), DRB1*15:01–DQB1*06:02 (Pc = 2.97e-06) in the cases versus controls. Also, DRB1*03:01–DQB1*02:01/DRB1*04:02|05–DQB1*03:02 and DRB1*03:01–DQB1*02:01/DRB1*03:01–DQB1*02:01 diplotypes conferred the highest predisposing effect in the cases (Pc = 8.65e-17 and Pc = 6.26e-08, respectively) and in probands (Pc = 5.4e-15 and Pc = 0.001, respectively) compared to controls. Transmission disequilibrium test showed that the highest risk was conferred by DRB1*04:02–DQB1*03:02 (Pc = 3.26e-05) and DRB1*03:01–DQB1*02:01 (Pc = 1.78e-12) haplotypes and the highest protection by DRB1*14:01–DQB1*05:03 (Pc = 8.66e-05), DRB1*15:01–DQB1*06:02 (Pc = 0.002), and DRB1*11:01–DQB1*03:01 (Pc = 0.0003) haplotypes. Based on logistic regression analysis, carriage of risk haplotypes increased the risk of T1D development 24.5 times in the Iranian population (p = 5.61e-13). Also, receiver operating characteristic curve analysis revealed a high predictive power of those risk haplotypes in discrimination of susceptible from healthy individuals (area under curve: 0.88, p = 5.5e-32). Our study highlights the potential utility of genetic risk assessment based on HLA diplotypes for predicting T1D risk in individuals, particularly among family members of affected children in our population.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere15446
Number of pages17
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2024


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