Factors affecting the clotting properties of sheep milk

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    Abstract

    A Formagraph was used to test the effects of some of the exogenous factors that can affect the processing properties of milk (pH, soluble calcium, rennet concentration, coagulation temperature), and two of the endogenous factors (protein and fat concentration), on the comparative clotting properties of sheep and cows' milk, namely renneting time (r), rate of firming (k20) and curd consistency (A30). A lower pH decreased r and k20 and increased A30 in both sheep and cows' milk. The addition of calcium chloride did not affect the clotting properties of sheep milk, but in cows' milk it decreased r and k20 and increased A30. Increasing the concentration of rennet decreased r and k20 and increased A30 for both sheep and cows' milk. Increasing the coagulation temperature from 30 to 38 degreesC decreased r for both sheep and cows' milk, but it decreased k20 and increased A30 only in cows' milk. Increasing the protein concentration decreased r in both sheep and cows' milk; it did not affect k20 of sheep milk, but it decreased that of cows' milk and increased A30 in both milks. Increasing the fat concentration had little effect on r and k20 in either sheep cows' milk, but it decreased A30 in both milks. In general, sheep milk had faster renneting times and rates of firming and greater curd consistency than cows' milk, and its clotting properties tended to be less affected by changes in the clotting conditions.(C) 2002 Society of Chemical Industry.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)705-719
    JournalJournal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
    Volume82
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2002

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