Facility Cultivation Systems "设施农业": A Chinese Model for the Planet

Jianming Xie, Jihua Yu, Baihong Chen, Zhi Feng, Jie Li, Cai Zhao, Jian Lyu, Linli Hu, Yantai Gan, Kadambot H. M. Siddique

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference paperChapter

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

One of the greatest challenges in highly populated countries such as China and India is how to secure food supplies for the ever-growing human population. Farmland for agriculture has been declining due to fast urbanization that competes for land availability between agriculture and other economic sectors. In many arid regions such as northwest China, there are vast areas of nonarable or barren land. An overwhelming question is: can those nonarable or barren lands be used for cultivating crops for human food? Through a series of experimentation over years, an innovative cultivation system has been developed recently in China where clustered solar-energy, plastic-roofed, engineered facilities are built on nonarable to produce fresh vegetables year round, season after season. This cultivation system is called "facility agriculture," "she-shi nongye" in Chinese pinyin or (sic) in Chinese characters. Using the facility cultivation system adopted in the northwest areas of China as an example, we provide readers with a general sense of the concept and definition of the "Made-in-China" cultivation system. We highlight recent developments in infrastructure and design, features and functionality, and vision and potential. We discuss some of the key scientific findings on the long-term viability and sustainability of this unique agricultural model. This industry is still in its infancy, so we cover some issues and problems facing the industry and suggest some key research areas for the near future. In 2014, the cropping area using the facility cultivation system reached 4.1 million ha, producing about 85% of all vegetables consumed in China and creating about 70 million jobs for rural communities. Thus, this industry has a vital role in ensuring food security while enhancing socioecological sustainability. The facility cultivation system is considered a revolution in Chinese agricultural history. We believe that this system has the potential to be adopted in other countries.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationADVANCES IN AGRONOMY, VOL 145
EditorsDL Sparks
PublisherAcademic Press
Chapter1
Pages1-42
Number of pages42
Volume145
Edition1
ISBN (Electronic)9780128124185
ISBN (Print)9780128124178
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Jun 2017

Publication series

NameAdvances in Agronomy
PublisherELSEVIER ACADEMIC PRESS INC
Volume145
ISSN (Print)0065-2113

Cite this

Xie, J., Yu, J., Chen, B., Feng, Z., Li, J., Zhao, C., ... Siddique, K. H. M. (2017). Facility Cultivation Systems "设施农业": A Chinese Model for the Planet. In DL. Sparks (Ed.), ADVANCES IN AGRONOMY, VOL 145 (1 ed., Vol. 145, pp. 1-42). (Advances in Agronomy; Vol. 145). Academic Press. https://doi.org/10.1016/bs.agron.2017.05.005
Xie, Jianming ; Yu, Jihua ; Chen, Baihong ; Feng, Zhi ; Li, Jie ; Zhao, Cai ; Lyu, Jian ; Hu, Linli ; Gan, Yantai ; Siddique, Kadambot H. M. / Facility Cultivation Systems "设施农业": A Chinese Model for the Planet. ADVANCES IN AGRONOMY, VOL 145. editor / DL Sparks. Vol. 145 1. ed. Academic Press, 2017. pp. 1-42 (Advances in Agronomy).
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abstract = "One of the greatest challenges in highly populated countries such as China and India is how to secure food supplies for the ever-growing human population. Farmland for agriculture has been declining due to fast urbanization that competes for land availability between agriculture and other economic sectors. In many arid regions such as northwest China, there are vast areas of nonarable or barren land. An overwhelming question is: can those nonarable or barren lands be used for cultivating crops for human food? Through a series of experimentation over years, an innovative cultivation system has been developed recently in China where clustered solar-energy, plastic-roofed, engineered facilities are built on nonarable to produce fresh vegetables year round, season after season. This cultivation system is called {"}facility agriculture,{"} {"}she-shi nongye{"} in Chinese pinyin or (sic) in Chinese characters. Using the facility cultivation system adopted in the northwest areas of China as an example, we provide readers with a general sense of the concept and definition of the {"}Made-in-China{"} cultivation system. We highlight recent developments in infrastructure and design, features and functionality, and vision and potential. We discuss some of the key scientific findings on the long-term viability and sustainability of this unique agricultural model. This industry is still in its infancy, so we cover some issues and problems facing the industry and suggest some key research areas for the near future. In 2014, the cropping area using the facility cultivation system reached 4.1 million ha, producing about 85{\%} of all vegetables consumed in China and creating about 70 million jobs for rural communities. Thus, this industry has a vital role in ensuring food security while enhancing socioecological sustainability. The facility cultivation system is considered a revolution in Chinese agricultural history. We believe that this system has the potential to be adopted in other countries.",
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Xie, J, Yu, J, Chen, B, Feng, Z, Li, J, Zhao, C, Lyu, J, Hu, L, Gan, Y & Siddique, KHM 2017, Facility Cultivation Systems "设施农业": A Chinese Model for the Planet. in DL Sparks (ed.), ADVANCES IN AGRONOMY, VOL 145. 1 edn, vol. 145, Advances in Agronomy, vol. 145, Academic Press, pp. 1-42. https://doi.org/10.1016/bs.agron.2017.05.005

Facility Cultivation Systems "设施农业": A Chinese Model for the Planet. / Xie, Jianming; Yu, Jihua; Chen, Baihong; Feng, Zhi; Li, Jie; Zhao, Cai; Lyu, Jian; Hu, Linli; Gan, Yantai; Siddique, Kadambot H. M.

ADVANCES IN AGRONOMY, VOL 145. ed. / DL Sparks. Vol. 145 1. ed. Academic Press, 2017. p. 1-42 (Advances in Agronomy; Vol. 145).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference paperChapter

TY - CHAP

T1 - Facility Cultivation Systems "设施农业":

T2 - A Chinese Model for the Planet

AU - Xie, Jianming

AU - Yu, Jihua

AU - Chen, Baihong

AU - Feng, Zhi

AU - Li, Jie

AU - Zhao, Cai

AU - Lyu, Jian

AU - Hu, Linli

AU - Gan, Yantai

AU - Siddique, Kadambot H. M.

PY - 2017/6/21

Y1 - 2017/6/21

N2 - One of the greatest challenges in highly populated countries such as China and India is how to secure food supplies for the ever-growing human population. Farmland for agriculture has been declining due to fast urbanization that competes for land availability between agriculture and other economic sectors. In many arid regions such as northwest China, there are vast areas of nonarable or barren land. An overwhelming question is: can those nonarable or barren lands be used for cultivating crops for human food? Through a series of experimentation over years, an innovative cultivation system has been developed recently in China where clustered solar-energy, plastic-roofed, engineered facilities are built on nonarable to produce fresh vegetables year round, season after season. This cultivation system is called "facility agriculture," "she-shi nongye" in Chinese pinyin or (sic) in Chinese characters. Using the facility cultivation system adopted in the northwest areas of China as an example, we provide readers with a general sense of the concept and definition of the "Made-in-China" cultivation system. We highlight recent developments in infrastructure and design, features and functionality, and vision and potential. We discuss some of the key scientific findings on the long-term viability and sustainability of this unique agricultural model. This industry is still in its infancy, so we cover some issues and problems facing the industry and suggest some key research areas for the near future. In 2014, the cropping area using the facility cultivation system reached 4.1 million ha, producing about 85% of all vegetables consumed in China and creating about 70 million jobs for rural communities. Thus, this industry has a vital role in ensuring food security while enhancing socioecological sustainability. The facility cultivation system is considered a revolution in Chinese agricultural history. We believe that this system has the potential to be adopted in other countries.

AB - One of the greatest challenges in highly populated countries such as China and India is how to secure food supplies for the ever-growing human population. Farmland for agriculture has been declining due to fast urbanization that competes for land availability between agriculture and other economic sectors. In many arid regions such as northwest China, there are vast areas of nonarable or barren land. An overwhelming question is: can those nonarable or barren lands be used for cultivating crops for human food? Through a series of experimentation over years, an innovative cultivation system has been developed recently in China where clustered solar-energy, plastic-roofed, engineered facilities are built on nonarable to produce fresh vegetables year round, season after season. This cultivation system is called "facility agriculture," "she-shi nongye" in Chinese pinyin or (sic) in Chinese characters. Using the facility cultivation system adopted in the northwest areas of China as an example, we provide readers with a general sense of the concept and definition of the "Made-in-China" cultivation system. We highlight recent developments in infrastructure and design, features and functionality, and vision and potential. We discuss some of the key scientific findings on the long-term viability and sustainability of this unique agricultural model. This industry is still in its infancy, so we cover some issues and problems facing the industry and suggest some key research areas for the near future. In 2014, the cropping area using the facility cultivation system reached 4.1 million ha, producing about 85% of all vegetables consumed in China and creating about 70 million jobs for rural communities. Thus, this industry has a vital role in ensuring food security while enhancing socioecological sustainability. The facility cultivation system is considered a revolution in Chinese agricultural history. We believe that this system has the potential to be adopted in other countries.

KW - PLASTIC FILM GREENHOUSES

KW - WATER-USE EFFICIENCY

KW - SOLAR GREENHOUSE

KW - NORTHWEST CHINA

KW - VEGETABLE PRODUCTION

KW - THERMAL ENVIRONMENT

KW - ECOSYSTEM SERVICES

KW - DEFICIT IRRIGATION

KW - DRIP IRRIGATION

KW - SOIL-WATER

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U2 - 10.1016/bs.agron.2017.05.005

DO - 10.1016/bs.agron.2017.05.005

M3 - Chapter

SN - 9780128124178

VL - 145

T3 - Advances in Agronomy

SP - 1

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BT - ADVANCES IN AGRONOMY, VOL 145

A2 - Sparks, DL

PB - Academic Press

ER -

Xie J, Yu J, Chen B, Feng Z, Li J, Zhao C et al. Facility Cultivation Systems "设施农业": A Chinese Model for the Planet. In Sparks DL, editor, ADVANCES IN AGRONOMY, VOL 145. 1 ed. Vol. 145. Academic Press. 2017. p. 1-42. (Advances in Agronomy). https://doi.org/10.1016/bs.agron.2017.05.005