Projects per year
Background and aimsIn extremely low-phosphorus (P) environments, most Proteaceae exude carboxylates from cluster roots. These carboxylates mobilise inorganic P which leads to a relatively high leaf manganese concentration ([Mn]). However, we found that Adenanthos cygnorum (Proteaceae) in a low-P habitat did not invariably have a high leaf [Mn] in south-western Australia. We aimed to explore how A. cygnorum acquires P in severely P-impoverished habitats.MethodsWe determined soil P concentrations and leaf [Mn] of A. cygnorum growing within 1 m and more than 10 m away from other large Proteaceae. We also grew plants in a glasshouse to determine its root carboxylate exudation and rhizosheath phosphatase activity.ResultsAdenanthos cygnorum did not produce functional cluster roots. It depended on carboxylates released by a P-mobilising neighbour, Banksia attenuata (Proteaceae), to acquire P when growing in severely P-impoverished soil (< 8 mg P kg(- 1) dry soil). In slightly less P-impoverished soil (> 11 mg P kg(- 1) dry soil), phosphatases released by A. cygnorum hydrolysed sufficient organic P that was relatively mobile.ConclusionThe reliance on facilitation of P acquisition in A cygnorum depended strongly on location. We demonstrated the exudation of phosphatases, which mobilise inorganic P; this P was adequate for growth when there was sufficient organic P in soil. Facilitation of P acquisition by B. attenuata allowed A. cygnorum to extend its range into severely P-impoverished habitats where it cannot exist without facilitation. This knowledge provides a better understanding of the diversity of P-acquisition strategies in severely P-impoverished environments.
|Number of pages||20|
|Journal||Plant and Soil|
|Publication status||E-pub ahead of print - 21 Feb 2023|
- 1 Finished
Facilitation of high leaf phosphorus-use efficiency by nitrate restraint
Lambers, H., Finnegan, P. & Dassanayake, M.
1/01/20 → 31/12/22