Facial trustworthiness judgments in children with ASD are modulated by happy and angry emotional cues

Frances Caulfield, Louise Ewing, Nichola Burton, Eleni Avard, Gillian Rhodes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)
102 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Appearance-based trustworthiness inferences may reflect the misinterpretation of emotional expression cues. Children and adults typically perceive faces that look happy to be relatively trustworthy and those that look angry to be relatively untrustworthy. Given reports of atypical expression perception in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), the current study aimed to determine whether the modulation of trustworthiness judgments by emotional expression cues in children with ASD is also atypical. Cognitively-able children with and without ASD, aged 6-12 years, rated the trustworthiness of faces showing happy, angry and neutral expressions. Trust judgments in children with ASD were significantly modulated by overt happy and angry expressions, like those of typically-developing children. Furthermore, subtle emotion cues in neutral faces also influenced trust ratings of the children in both groups. These findings support a powerful influence of emotion cues on perceived trustworthiness, which even extends to children with social cognitive impairments. © 2014 Caulfield et al.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere97644
Number of pages8
JournalPLoS One
Volume9
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 May 2014

Fingerprint

Cues
Modulation
emotions
Emotions
Autism Spectrum Disorder
autism

Cite this

@article{7680d5553eb44f699da10f296e525184,
title = "Facial trustworthiness judgments in children with ASD are modulated by happy and angry emotional cues",
abstract = "Appearance-based trustworthiness inferences may reflect the misinterpretation of emotional expression cues. Children and adults typically perceive faces that look happy to be relatively trustworthy and those that look angry to be relatively untrustworthy. Given reports of atypical expression perception in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), the current study aimed to determine whether the modulation of trustworthiness judgments by emotional expression cues in children with ASD is also atypical. Cognitively-able children with and without ASD, aged 6-12 years, rated the trustworthiness of faces showing happy, angry and neutral expressions. Trust judgments in children with ASD were significantly modulated by overt happy and angry expressions, like those of typically-developing children. Furthermore, subtle emotion cues in neutral faces also influenced trust ratings of the children in both groups. These findings support a powerful influence of emotion cues on perceived trustworthiness, which even extends to children with social cognitive impairments. {\circledC} 2014 Caulfield et al.",
author = "Frances Caulfield and Louise Ewing and Nichola Burton and Eleni Avard and Gillian Rhodes",
year = "2014",
month = "5",
day = "30",
doi = "10.1371/journal.pone.0097644",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
journal = "P L o S One",
issn = "1932-6203",
publisher = "Public Library of Science (PLoS)",
number = "5",

}

Facial trustworthiness judgments in children with ASD are modulated by happy and angry emotional cues. / Caulfield, Frances; Ewing, Louise; Burton, Nichola; Avard, Eleni; Rhodes, Gillian.

In: PLoS One, Vol. 9, No. 5, e97644, 30.05.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Facial trustworthiness judgments in children with ASD are modulated by happy and angry emotional cues

AU - Caulfield, Frances

AU - Ewing, Louise

AU - Burton, Nichola

AU - Avard, Eleni

AU - Rhodes, Gillian

PY - 2014/5/30

Y1 - 2014/5/30

N2 - Appearance-based trustworthiness inferences may reflect the misinterpretation of emotional expression cues. Children and adults typically perceive faces that look happy to be relatively trustworthy and those that look angry to be relatively untrustworthy. Given reports of atypical expression perception in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), the current study aimed to determine whether the modulation of trustworthiness judgments by emotional expression cues in children with ASD is also atypical. Cognitively-able children with and without ASD, aged 6-12 years, rated the trustworthiness of faces showing happy, angry and neutral expressions. Trust judgments in children with ASD were significantly modulated by overt happy and angry expressions, like those of typically-developing children. Furthermore, subtle emotion cues in neutral faces also influenced trust ratings of the children in both groups. These findings support a powerful influence of emotion cues on perceived trustworthiness, which even extends to children with social cognitive impairments. © 2014 Caulfield et al.

AB - Appearance-based trustworthiness inferences may reflect the misinterpretation of emotional expression cues. Children and adults typically perceive faces that look happy to be relatively trustworthy and those that look angry to be relatively untrustworthy. Given reports of atypical expression perception in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), the current study aimed to determine whether the modulation of trustworthiness judgments by emotional expression cues in children with ASD is also atypical. Cognitively-able children with and without ASD, aged 6-12 years, rated the trustworthiness of faces showing happy, angry and neutral expressions. Trust judgments in children with ASD were significantly modulated by overt happy and angry expressions, like those of typically-developing children. Furthermore, subtle emotion cues in neutral faces also influenced trust ratings of the children in both groups. These findings support a powerful influence of emotion cues on perceived trustworthiness, which even extends to children with social cognitive impairments. © 2014 Caulfield et al.

U2 - 10.1371/journal.pone.0097644

DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0097644

M3 - Article

VL - 9

JO - P L o S One

JF - P L o S One

SN - 1932-6203

IS - 5

M1 - e97644

ER -