Facial Affect Interpretation in Boys with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

J. Boakes, Elaine Chapman, Stephen Houghton, John West

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Citations (Web of Science)


Recent studies have produced mixed evidence of impairments in facial affect interpretation for children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This study investigated the presence and nature of such impairments across different stimulus formats. Twenty-four boys with ADHD and 24 age-matched comparison boys completed a 72-trial task that included facial expressions of happiness, sadness, fear, anger, surprise, and disgust. Three versions of each expression were used: a static version, a dynamic version, and a dynamic version presented within a relevant situational context. Expressions were also presented in one of two portrayal modes (cartoon versus real-life). Results indicated significant impairments for boys with ADHD on two of the six emotions (fear and disgust), which were consistent across stimulus formats. Directions for further research to identify mediating factors in the expression of such impairments in children with ADHD are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)82-96
JournalChild Neuropsychology: a journal on normal and abnormal development in childhood and adolescence
Issue number1
Early online date19 Dec 2007
Publication statusPublished - 2008


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