Eye Injuries: Understanding Ocular Trauma

Rachael Heath Jeffery, Jacqueline Dobes, Fred Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)



Ocular trauma may result in pathology of the ocular surface and adnexa, extraocular muscles, orbital walls, eye and optic nerve. Detailed history followed by a complete ocular and, if indicated, radiological examination is therefore a crucial part of any trauma assessment. It is important to determine whether a patient with ocular trauma can be reassured or requires immediate referral for further investigation and surgical repair.


This review examines chemical eye injuries, orbital fractures, superficial corneal foreign bodies, closed globe injury and suspected open globe injury with or without intra-ocular foreign bodies. A structured approach to the history and examination is provided. The aim of this article is to enhance clinician confidence when encountering these patients.


Ocular trauma can lead to serious sight -and eye-threatening consequences. Accurate history-taking and astute observation are paramount for timely treatment or referral that may prevent blindness. This review discusses the management and referral pathways for common presentations of ocular trauma
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)476-482
Number of pages7
JournalAustralian Journal of General Practice
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2022


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